Vittorio Gassman

(Genova,1 September 1922 – Rome .29 June 2000)

 

 

Son of Heinrich Gassman, a German civil engineer and Louise Ambron, a native of Pisa and of Jewish origin. As a child because of her father's job lived in Calabria, where his father was building a new neighborhood, he moved to Rome obtained a diploma at the Liceo Torquato Tasso in the same period of Giulio Andreotti, he attended the National Academy of art dramatic. With an athletic body, distinguished himself as a member of basketball player at the Club Parioli, coming to be in National University. The first theatrical debut of Gassman was in Milan, in 1943, with Alda Borelli, the enemy of Dario Niccodemi. With the company of Luchino Visconti, Gassman achieved success with Paolo Stoppa, Rina Morelli and Paola Borboni. Gassman played Stanley Kowalski in a streetcar named desire of Tennese Williams, acted in Shakespeare's Rosalinda and Oreste di Vittorio Alfieri. He joined the national theatre with Massimo Girotti, Arnoldo Foà, in dramatic poem in four movements Per Gynt. Her film debut began in 1945, meeting with Laura, Carlo Alberto Felice, the film has been lost, and his first film is Prelude of love, of young Paolucci. Also in 1949 she starred in the film a voice in your heart by Alberto d'aversa, where she played a reporter alongside Constance Dowling, Nino Pavese and Beniamino Gigli. In 1952 together with Luigi Squarzina, founded and directed the Italian art theatre, producing the first complete version of hamlet in Italy, as well as rare works such asSeneca's Thyestes or the Persians of Eschillo .  

She plays in 1954 in Syracuse for the 13th cycle of classical plays The Prometheus Enchantment of Aeschylus and The OresteiaIn 1956 Gassman played Othello with the great actor Salvo Randone, which alternated each evening the roles of the Moor and Iago. Three years later, in a television program entitled il Mattatore, gained an unexpected success.

 

Vittorio Gassman had four wives: 

 

Nora Ricci (daughter of Renzo Ricci and Margherita Bagni) with whom he had his first daughter Paola, actress and wife of Ugo Pagliai; 

 

Shelley Winter, with whom he had his second daughter Vittoria, surgeon. 

 

Juliette Mayniel, who gave him Alessandro, who is also an actor and Director; 

 

DILETTA d'Andrea, of whom was born Jacopo Director.  

 

He had a long and tumultuous relationship with Anna Maria Ferrero between 1953 and 1960, during which time the two made often pair even at work. From 1961 to 1963 he was dating the actress Annette Stroyberg. In the history of Italian television remains memorable his debate with Alberto Sordi on issues of life and religion, Gassman who honestly made the doubts of unthinking, deaf with romanesca concreteness replied:

 

"I believe, Srikumar. Did you see that? "

 

In spite of his blockbusters Gassman abandoned but the theater.

He hated imperfect diction or inflections, while being able to make perfectly, when asked, most Italian dialects.

Vittorio Gassman suffered from bipolar syndrome, died at 77 years in Rome because of a heart attack in his sleep.

  

Filmography

 

1945/ meeting with Laura, directed by Carlo Alberto Felice

1946/ Prelude of love, directed by John Paoloucci

1947/ Daniele Cortis, directed by Mario Soldati

1947/ the adventures of Pinocchio, directed by Giannetto Guardone

1947/ the captain's daughter, directed by Mario Camerini

1948/ the wandering Jew, directed by Goffredo Alessandrini

1948/ Il cavaliere misterioso, directed by Riccardo Freda

1949/ sparviero del Nilo, directed by Giacomo Gentilomo

1949/ outlaws, directed by Aldo Vegan

1949/ the lupo della Sila, directed by Duilio Coletti

1949/ I dreamed of heaven, directed by Giorgio Pàstina

1949/ bitter rice, directed by Giuseppe De Santis

1949/ a voice in your heart, directed by Alberto D'aversa

1950/ the lion of Amalfi, directed by Pietro Francisci

1951/ betrayal, directed by Riccardo Chilly

1951/ the black Crown, by Luis Saslavky

1951/ Anna, Director, Alberto Lattuada

1952/ Il sogno di Zorro, directed by Mario Soldati

1952/ La tratta delle bianche, directed by Luigi Comencini

1953/ Sombrero, directed by Norman Foster

1953/ the glass wall, Director of Mawell Shane

1953/ cry of the hunted, directed by Joseph h. Lewis

1954/ Rhapsody, directed by Charles Vidor

1954/ Mambo, directed by Robert Rossen

1956/ Kean, genius and recklessness, directed by Vittorio Gassman and Francesco Rosi  

1956/ Giovanni dalle Bande Nere, directed by Sergio Grieco

1956/ war and peacedirected by King Vidor

1957/ I soliti ignoti, by Mario Monicelli

1958/ La ragazza del Palio, directed by Luigi Zampa

1958/ La tempesta, directed by Alberto Lattuada

1959/ Le sorprese dell'Amore, directed by Luigi Comencini

1959/ the Bill, directed by Camillo Mastrocinque

1959/ La grande guerra, directed by Mario Monicelli

1959/ storm wind, directed by Irving Rapper

1960/ Il mattatore, directed by Dino Risi

1960/ Audace colpo dei soliti ignoti, directed by Nanni Loy

1961/ ghosts of Rome, directed by Antonio Petrangeli

1961/ Crimen, by Mario Camerini

1961/ the last judgement, by Vittorio De Sica

1961/ Barabba, directed by Richard Fleischer

1962/ Il sorpasso, directed by Dino Risi

1962/ I briganti Italiani, directed by Mario Camerini

1962/ Anima nera, directed by Roberto Rossellini

1963/ shivers in summer, directed by Luigi Zampa

1963/ success, directed by Mauro Morassi, Dino Risi

1963/ La marcia su Roma, by Dino Risi  

1963/ La smania addosso, directed by Marcello Andrei

1963/ tough love, episode " the miser", directed by Luciano Lucignani

1963/ freaks, directed by Dino Risi

1964/ Se allows parliamo di donne, directed by Ettore Scola

1965/ Slalom, directed by Lucia Salce

1965/ the gaucho, directed by Dino Risi  

1965/ the secret war, directed by Cristian-Jaque, Werner Klingler, Carlo Lizzani

1965/ the conspiracy, directed by Ettore Scola

1966/ pleasant nights, directed by Armando Crispino and Luciano Lucignani

1966/ l'arcidiavolo, directed by Ettore Scola

1966/ l'armata Brancaleone, directed by Mario Monicelli

1967/ Lo scatenato, directed by Franco Indovina

1967/ Seven times women, directed by Vittorio De Sica

1967/ Tiger, directed by Dino Risi

1968/ La pecora nera, directed by Luciano Salce

1968/ these ghosts, directed by Renato Castellani

1968/ Prophet, directed by Dino Risi

1969/ the alibi, directed by Adolfo Celi

1969/ Dove vai tutta nuda?, directed by Pasquale Festa Campaniele

1969/ A on 13, directed by Nicolas Gessner

1969/ the Archangel, directed by Giorgio Capitani

1970/ Brancaleone at the Crusades, directed by Mario Monicelli  

1970/ divorce, directed by Romolo Guerrieri

1970/ Dispute General, directed by Luigi Zampa

1971/ Scipio Africanus also known, directed by Luigi Magni

1971/ hearing, directed by Marco Ferreri

1971/ In the name of the Italian people, directed by Dino Risi

1972/ without families poorer residents seeking affection, directed by Vittorio Gassman

1972/ Che c'entriamo noi con la rivoluzione?, directed by Sergio Corbucci

1973/ La Tosca, directed by Luigi Magni

1974/ women's perfume, directed by Dino Risi

1974/ c'eravamo tanto amati, directed by Ettore Scola

1975/ A mezzanotte va la ronda del piacere, directed by Marcello Fondato

1976/ Come una rosa al naso, directed by Francesco Rosi

1976/ white telephones, directed by Dino Risi

1976/ Goodnight, ladies and gentlemen, by Luigi Comencini

1976/ Il Deserto dei Tartari, directed by Valerio Zurlini

1977/ lost soul, directed by Dino Risi

1977/ I nuovi mostri, directed by Mario Monicelli, Ettore Scola

1978/ a wedding, directed by Robert Altman

1979/ Quintet, directed by Robert Altman

1979/ Dear Papa, directed by Dino Risi

1979/ two pieces of bread, directed by Sergio Citti

1980/ The nude Bomb, directed by Clive Donner

1980/ La terrazzaby Ettore Scola

1980/ Sono Fotogenico, directed by Dino Risi

1981/ the turn, directed by Tonino Cervi 

1981/ hotel room, directed by Mario Monicelli

1981/ Skin of Cop, directed by Burt Reynolds

1982/ La tempesta, directed by Paul Mazursky

1982/ Il conte Tacchia, directed by Sergio Corbucci

1983/ life is a novel, directed by Alain Resnais

1 983/ Welcome, directed by André Delvaux

1985/ the power of evil, directed Krzysztof Zanussi

1987/ I Soliti ignoti, twenty years later, directed by Amanzio Todini

1987/ La famiglia, by Ettore Scola

1987/ I Picari, directed by Mario Monicelli

1989/ Damn, directed by Sergio Citti

1989/ Lo zio indegno, directed by Franco Brusati

1990/ Dimenticare Palermo, directed by Francesco Rosi

1990/ Tolgo il disturbo, directed by Dino Risi

1990/ Arabian Nights, directed by Philippe de Broca

1992/ Quando eravamo repressi, directed by Pino Quartullo

1992/ the long winter, directed by Jaime Camino

1992/ amusements of privacy, directed by Cristina Comencini

1995/ all years once a year, directed by Gianfrancesco Lazzoti

1996/ Sleepers, directed by Barry Levinson

1998/ dinner, directed by Ettore Scola

1999/ the bomb, directed by Giulio Base

 

 

Vittorio Gassman-Director 

 

 

1956/ Kean, genius and recklessness, with Francesco Rosi

1969/ the alibi, with Adolfo Celi, and Luciano Lucignani

1972/ Without family, poorer residents seek affection

1982/ from father to son, with Alessandro Gassman

 

 

Rai Filmography

 

 

1955/ verses of Dante, poetic readings of Vittorio Gassman

1955/ Kean, by Alexandre Dumas, directed by Francis Enriquez

1955/ poetry Readings, Vittorio Gassman

1955/ Hamlet of Willian Shakespeare, directed by Camillo Up

1957/ Othello by Willian Shakespeare

1958/ Orestes, of Vittorio Alfieri, Gassman and directed by Silverio Blasi

1961/ Adelchi, Alessandro Manzoni, directed by Gassman

1964/ notes from underground, with Vittorio Gassman

1970/ L'UOMO dal fiore in bocca, directed by Maurizio Scaparro

1993/ Ulysses and the white whale, reduction of Vittorio Gassman

1995/ Camper, Vittorio Gassman, directed by Vittorio Gassman

 

 

Filmography

 

1949/ Oreste, hits various, the night of the Nightingale

1950/ I Masnadieri, Friedrich Schiller, directed by Anton Giulio Majano

1951/ Romeo and Juliet, by Willian Shakespeare, with Massimo Girotti

1951/ Player, three-act play by Ugo Betti, National Theatre

1951/ Yo el Rey, Bruno Cicognani comedy

1952/ Adventure, by Sherwood Anderson, the tales of the second program, reading of Vittorio Gassman

1952/ Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, directed by Luigi Squarzina

1961/ Adelchi by Alessandro Manzoni, directed by Vittorio Gassman

 

Discography

 

1953/excerpts from' Othello dthe Shakespeare, with Anna Maria Ferrero and Salvo Randone

1959/ Il Mattatore

1963/ Theatre (LP)

1965/ Pastures, with Alberto Lupo and Paolo Carlini

1970/ Fosocolo, with Carlo D'Angelo and Paolo Carlini

1972/ Montale, (Fonit Cetra)

1973/ moving (Fonit Cetra)

1974/ loneliness (Cetra) with Giorgio Albertazzi

1985/ Castaway d'amore, (Five Record)

1994/ Rv (theater, music, CD) with Alessandro Gassman, Sabrina Born

2000/ Vittorio Gassman: a personal Anthology (Luca Sossella Editore, 4 cd + book) by Luca Sossella, music by Nicola Piovani

 

 

Individual

 

Dante Alighieri, Inferno canto quinto, Paradiso Canto XXXIII

I promessi sposi

Hamlet

The poems of Alessandro Manzoni

The poems of Pastures

Saturday

Modern poets

The sonnet through the ages

Dante Alighieri, Inferno canto XXVI

The tombs

Leopards

The Mystics ' 200

Gassman ne il Mattatore

Olympic Eulogy

Manzoni Adelchi, with Carlo D'Angelo

Aeschylus – Coeffore, with Valentina Fortunato and Maria Fabbri

Pascarella , Villa Gloria

 

 

He was voiced by

 

Emilio Cigoli in: cry of the hunted, Sombrero, Rhapsody, Mambo, the glass wall, La ragazza del Palio  

 

Sandro Ruffini in the wandering Jew  

 

Gualdiero De Angelis in Anna  

 

Stefano Saidi, in trafficking of white  

 

Enrico Maria Salerno, in the most beautiful woman in the world