Virgilio Marchi

 (Livorno 21 January 1895 – Rome April 30 1960)

 

 

Virgilio Marchi, set designer and architect, he graduated in 1909 at the Government technical school in Livorno and after he attended the Institute of fine arts. In Siena, in 1912 won the noble residence, organized by Society of pious dispositions. Already in 1913, he exhibits his architectural works in a solo show staged in Livorno. The following year he was awarded the Phillipson and takes a teaching certificate. In 1915, is called to arms, moved to Rome in 1915 and 1917, by 1916 he began to attend the study of Dance, this year was the adherence to Futurism. In 1918 he was promoted to officer and was assigned to the school of bombers of Sassuolo, where he started to attend Francesco Flora, his buddy, and exposes some of the work in a group show within the premises of the school. Brands, makes a speech on art is a vibration, marking his debut in Futurism and the controversy over renewal of Futurist architecture. With the help of Flora and dance, between 1919 and 1921, began publishing the first writings about architecture in magazines newspapers,Dynamo, Ironhead, Rome Futurist, in which he published the Manifesto of architecture futuristic, Dynamic,dramatic mood. In 1920, he obtained a diploma of Professor of architectural design, and the following year he returned to Rome, where on behalf of Bragaglia oversaw the construction of the new headquarters of the casa d'Arte, haunt of artists and filmmakers, three halls for painting with theater of independent and futurist bar.In the same period, futurist art exhibition in Ravenna, and futurist international exhibition held at the Winter Club in Turin.

The same Bragaglia, hosted a personal exhibition "marks Futurist architect", which included 50 tables between drawings and preparatory studies, divided into four thematic areas; the first research works with sixteen volumes, primordial Sketches, great city, circle of forces and theater; the second included some studies for furnishings and a sketch of furniture for a room of villa Ariosa, Rome; the third group had the concrete City architectural projects, study for a hotel, ideas for a people's building, villas; the fourth concerned the art house, with studies for the bar, the prospectus and the foyer.

The period that consolidated relationships with 20 years ' Theatre, when he devoted himself mainly to the design of the premises, and to the preparation of sets and costumes. Exposes as a stage designer at Vienna and Milan as part of an exhibition for the Futurist Congress realizes the scenes of some shows for the theatre of independents. In 1924, Luigi Pirandello, Director of the company of the teatro d'Arte di Roma, called for creation of the Logos Theatre Odescalchi, where he managed to create, even if in small areas, a pleasant spatial articulation. This work had great success internationally. Continues in the years Odelscalchi, in theater cooperation don scenes of numerous works, Lord of Pirandello, mountain gods by lord Dunsany, our goddess of m. Ballard. In 1928, as part of the exhibition of the society of amateurs and connoisseurs of XCIV fine art in the palazzo delle Esposizioni in Rome, staged for the first time a section devoted to architecture, where Marinetti intervened, setting Marks a revolutionary " in the architectural field, constructor of expressive force that harmonizes the idea of an action with the coloring and with the synthesis of a theatrical masterpiece ". In 1931 gets a position as Director of the Art Institute of Siena, and publishes in Foligno Italy new architecture new where denotes "the strong fall of creative tension against the Futurist architecture". Begins in 1935 the collaboration with the cinema, the film's territorial Militia Bonnard, until 1959, with about 60 films includingan adventure of Salvator Rosa, the Iron Crown and La cena delle beffe by at Blasetti, Do Camillo j. Duvivier,Francesco giullare di Dio by r. Rossellini, Umberto and Termini of De Sica. Teach stagecraft and costume history to the Roman Academy of dramatic arts. Besides several theatrical and film productions, oversaw the installation of the teatro Goldoni of Livorno, in the apse of the Church of San Lorenzo in Miranda to the Roman Forum, and the reconstruction of Politeama livornese. In 1946, he completed the design of the Odeon cinema in Livorno, completed in 1952, and considered one of the most successful works of the artist. In the last period of his life taught stage design at the Centro sperimentale di cinematografia in Rome, and care for the accommodation of the sala del teatro della Cometa. He died in Rome in 1960.

 

Filmography

 

1935/ territorial militia, by Mario Bonanrd

 

1936/ Dancers, by Gustav Machaty

 

1936/ Queen of Scalto, by Camillo Mastrocinque

 

1936/ Non ti conosco più, by Nunzio Malasomma

 

1936/ the two sergeants, by Enrico Guazzoni

 

1937/ Leaderi, by Luis Trenker

 

1938/ the hotel absentee ballot, by Raffaello Matarazzo

 

1938/ the Marquis Ruvolito, by Raffaello Matarazzo

 

1939/ The conquest of the air, Romolo Marcellini

 

1940/ un'avventura di Salvator Rosa, Alessandro Blassetti

 

1941/ La cena delle Beffe, Alessandro Blasetti

 

1941/ Pia de Tolomei, Exodus Pratelli

 

1942/ Un Pilota ritorna, by Roberto Rossellini

 

1942/ l'avventura di Annabella, di Leo Menardi

 

1942/ four steps in the clouds, by Alexander Blassetti

 

1942/ Maria Malibran, by Guido Brignone

 

1942/ Luisa Sanfelice di Leo Menardi

 

1943/ tears of blood, by Guido Brignone

 

1943/ increasingly difficult, Piero Ballerini

 

1944/ forbidden to minors, by Mario Massa

 

1944/ every day is Sunday, by Mario Baffico

 

1944/ La Fornarina, Enrica Guazzoni

 

1945/ Desire, by Marcello Pagliero

 

1945/ thirty years of service, by Mario Baffico

 

1947/ Sperduti nel buio, by Camillo Mastrocinque

 

1947/ where's Zazà, by Giorgio Simonelli

 

1948/ La macchina ammazzacattivi, Roberto Rosellini

 

1948/ Il barone Carlo Mazza, by Guido Brignone

 

1948/ Holy Nun, by Guido Brignone

 

1949/ Marechiaro, by Giorgio Ferroni

 

1949/ Sky on the Marsh, by Agusto Genina

 

1950/ Francesco Giullare di Dioby Roberto Rossellini

 

1950/ Margaret of Cortona, Mario Bonanrd

 

1950/ Il nido di Falasco, by Guido Brignone

 

1950/ against the law, by Flavio Calzavara

 

1951/ Inmate, Armando Grottini

 

1952/ Don Camillo, by Julien Duvivier

 

1952/ Art. 519 Penal Code, by Leonardo Cortese

 

1952/ Chairwoman, by Pietro Germi

 

1952/ The bridge of sighs, by Antonio Leonviola

 

1952/ Europa ' 51, by Roberto Rossellini

 

1952/ Umberto D, by Vittorio De Sica

 

1952/ Were three hundred ... by Gian Paolo Callegari

 

1953/ Stazione termini, by Vittorio De Sica

 

1953/ I always loved you!, Mario Costa

 

1953/ the return of Don Camillo, Juline Duvivier

 

1953/ forgive me, Mario Costa

 

1953/ steel rope, by Carlo Borghesio

 

1953/ forbidden Women, by Giuseppe Amato

 

1954/ Male, by Marc Allègret

 

1954/ Pietà per chi cade, Mario Costa

 

1954/ The two orphans, by Giacomo Gentilomo

 

1954/ l'amante di Paride by Marc Allègret

 

1954/ Peppino e la vecchia signora, by Emma grammar and Piero Ballerini

 

1953/ l'oro di Napoli, by Vittorio De Sica

 

1954/ the daughter of Mata Hari, di Renzo Mahuta and Carmine Gallone

 

1955/ Don Camillo e l'onorevole Peppone, by Carmine Gallone

 

1955/ your woman, by John Paoloucci

 

1955/ the three robbers, by Lionello De Felice

 

1956/ Il bigamo, by Luciano Emmer

 

Bibliography

 

Virgil Marks, in Dizionario Biografico degli italiani, Chris Carr, Istituto dell'enciclopedia Italiana, Rome, 2007

 

But love, no, by Francesco Savio, Sonzogno, 1975

 

1979, the city of cinema, Edition Napoleon, Rome

 

1966, Virgilio Marchi, Edwin Cerio and the architecture of Capri, in the "New Town" of Milva Giacomelli

 

1997, The Casa d'Arte Bragaglia of Virgilio Marchi, Quasar. "Quaderni di Storia dell'Architettura e restauro". by Milva Giacomelli, Florence

 

The Odeon cinema of Virgilio Marchi, "Opus Incertum", by Milva Giacomelli, Florence 2007

 

Virgilio Marchi, Written 1 architecture. Architecture 1. Futurist architecture blue vertices of Rome, (the future of Rome), edited by Ezio Godoli and Milva Giacomelli, Octavo, Florence, 1955

 

Virgilio Marchi. Written by 2 Architecture. Italy new architecture new (sequel to Futurist architecture).

 

1997, Ideographic, a tramiva, a Pigeon blue circle, edited by Ezio Godoli and Milva Giacolmelli, Octavo, Florence.

 

Virgilio Marchi cinema architecture for Tuscany, study day, the architecture of Tuscany, University of Florence, Faculty of architecture, Plexus of St. Verdiana in "new city" of Milva Giacomelli, Firenze 2007.

 

The Futurist contribution to architecture of cinema, edited by s. Hunt, proceedings of the International Conference, ETS, Pisa, 2010 Edition

 

Virgilio Marchi from Futurism show architectures, Virgilio Marchi

 

The style of the movement from 1895-1960 Opera architecture plastic dynamism, catalogo della mostra a cura di f. Cagianelli, texts, by f. Cagianelli, m. Giacomelli, m. Sisi, Collesalvetti, Pinacoteca Comunale, Carlo Servolini, editions ETS, Pisa, 2015