Virgilio Marchi

 (Livorno 21 January 1895 – Rome April 30 1960)



Virgilio Marchi, set designer and architect, he graduated in 1909 at the Government technical school in Livorno and after he attended the Institute of fine arts. In Siena, in 1912 won the noble residence, organized by Society of pious dispositions. Already in 1913, he exhibits his architectural works in a solo show staged in Livorno. The following year he was awarded the Phillipson and takes a teaching certificate. In 1915, is called to arms, moved to Rome in 1915 and 1917, by 1916 he began to attend the study of Dance, this year was the adherence to Futurism. In 1918 he was promoted to officer and was assigned to the school of bombers of Sassuolo, where he started to attend Francesco Flora, his buddy, and exposes some of the work in a group show within the premises of the school. Brands, makes a speech on art is a vibration, marking his debut in Futurism and the controversy over renewal of Futurist architecture. With the help of Flora and dance, between 1919 and 1921, began publishing the first writings about architecture in magazines newspapers,Dynamo, Ironhead, Rome Futurist, in which he published the Manifesto of architecture futuristic, Dynamic,dramatic mood. In 1920, he obtained a diploma of Professor of architectural design, and the following year he returned to Rome, where on behalf of Bragaglia oversaw the construction of the new headquarters of the casa d'Arte, haunt of artists and filmmakers, three halls for painting with theater of independent and futurist bar.In the same period, futurist art exhibition in Ravenna, and futurist international exhibition held at the Winter Club in Turin.

The same Bragaglia, hosted a personal exhibition "marks Futurist architect", which included 50 tables between drawings and preparatory studies, divided into four thematic areas; the first research works with sixteen volumes, primordial Sketches, great city, circle of forces and theater; the second included some studies for furnishings and a sketch of furniture for a room of villa Ariosa, Rome; the third group had the concrete City architectural projects, study for a hotel, ideas for a people's building, villas; the fourth concerned the art house, with studies for the bar, the prospectus and the foyer.

The period that consolidated relationships with 20 years ' Theatre, when he devoted himself mainly to the design of the premises, and to the preparation of sets and costumes. Exposes as a stage designer at Vienna and Milan as part of an exhibition for the Futurist Congress realizes the scenes of some shows for the theatre of independents. In 1924, Luigi Pirandello, Director of the company of the teatro d'Arte di Roma, called for creation of the Logos Theatre Odescalchi, where he managed to create, even if in small areas, a pleasant spatial articulation. This work had great success internationally. Continues in the years Odelscalchi, in theater cooperation don scenes of numerous works, Lord of Pirandello, mountain gods by lord Dunsany, our goddess of m. Ballard. In 1928, as part of the exhibition of the society of amateurs and connoisseurs of XCIV fine art in the palazzo delle Esposizioni in Rome, staged for the first time a section devoted to architecture, where Marinetti intervened, setting Marks a revolutionary " in the architectural field, constructor of expressive force that harmonizes the idea of an action with the coloring and with the synthesis of a theatrical masterpiece ". In 1931 gets a position as Director of the Art Institute of Siena, and publishes in Foligno Italy new architecture new where denotes "the strong fall of creative tension against the Futurist architecture". Begins in 1935 the collaboration with the cinema, the film's territorial Militia Bonnard, until 1959, with about 60 films includingan adventure of Salvator Rosa, the Iron Crown and La cena delle beffe by at Blasetti, Do Camillo j. Duvivier,Francesco giullare di Dio by r. Rossellini, Umberto and Termini of De Sica. Teach stagecraft and costume history to the Roman Academy of dramatic arts. Besides several theatrical and film productions, oversaw the installation of the teatro Goldoni of Livorno, in the apse of the Church of San Lorenzo in Miranda to the Roman Forum, and the reconstruction of Politeama livornese. In 1946, he completed the design of the Odeon cinema in Livorno, completed in 1952, and considered one of the most successful works of the artist. In the last period of his life taught stage design at the Centro sperimentale di cinematografia in Rome, and care for the accommodation of the sala del teatro della Cometa. He died in Rome in 1960.




1935/ territorial militia, by Mario Bonanrd


1936/ Dancers, by Gustav Machaty


1936/ Queen of Scalto, by Camillo Mastrocinque


1936/ Non ti conosco più, by Nunzio Malasomma


1936/ the two sergeants, by Enrico Guazzoni


1937/ Leaderi, by Luis Trenker


1938/ the hotel absentee ballot, by Raffaello Matarazzo


1938/ the Marquis Ruvolito, by Raffaello Matarazzo


1939/ The conquest of the air, Romolo Marcellini


1940/ un'avventura di Salvator Rosa, Alessandro Blassetti


1941/ La cena delle Beffe, Alessandro Blasetti


1941/ Pia de Tolomei, Exodus Pratelli


1942/ Un Pilota ritorna, by Roberto Rossellini


1942/ l'avventura di Annabella, di Leo Menardi


1942/ four steps in the clouds, by Alexander Blassetti


1942/ Maria Malibran, by Guido Brignone


1942/ Luisa Sanfelice di Leo Menardi


1943/ tears of blood, by Guido Brignone


1943/ increasingly difficult, Piero Ballerini


1944/ forbidden to minors, by Mario Massa


1944/ every day is Sunday, by Mario Baffico


1944/ La Fornarina, Enrica Guazzoni


1945/ Desire, by Marcello Pagliero


1945/ thirty years of service, by Mario Baffico


1947/ Sperduti nel buio, by Camillo Mastrocinque


1947/ where's Zazà, by Giorgio Simonelli


1948/ La macchina ammazzacattivi, Roberto Rosellini


1948/ Il barone Carlo Mazza, by Guido Brignone


1948/ Holy Nun, by Guido Brignone


1949/ Marechiaro, by Giorgio Ferroni


1949/ Sky on the Marsh, by Agusto Genina


1950/ Francesco Giullare di Dioby Roberto Rossellini


1950/ Margaret of Cortona, Mario Bonanrd


1950/ Il nido di Falasco, by Guido Brignone


1950/ against the law, by Flavio Calzavara


1951/ Inmate, Armando Grottini


1952/ Don Camillo, by Julien Duvivier


1952/ Art. 519 Penal Code, by Leonardo Cortese


1952/ Chairwoman, by Pietro Germi


1952/ The bridge of sighs, by Antonio Leonviola


1952/ Europa ' 51, by Roberto Rossellini


1952/ Umberto D, by Vittorio De Sica


1952/ Were three hundred ... by Gian Paolo Callegari


1953/ Stazione termini, by Vittorio De Sica


1953/ I always loved you!, Mario Costa


1953/ the return of Don Camillo, Juline Duvivier


1953/ forgive me, Mario Costa


1953/ steel rope, by Carlo Borghesio


1953/ forbidden Women, by Giuseppe Amato


1954/ Male, by Marc Allègret


1954/ Pietà per chi cade, Mario Costa


1954/ The two orphans, by Giacomo Gentilomo


1954/ l'amante di Paride by Marc Allègret


1954/ Peppino e la vecchia signora, by Emma grammar and Piero Ballerini


1953/ l'oro di Napoli, by Vittorio De Sica


1954/ the daughter of Mata Hari, di Renzo Mahuta and Carmine Gallone


1955/ Don Camillo e l'onorevole Peppone, by Carmine Gallone


1955/ your woman, by John Paoloucci


1955/ the three robbers, by Lionello De Felice


1956/ Il bigamo, by Luciano Emmer




Virgil Marks, in Dizionario Biografico degli italiani, Chris Carr, Istituto dell'enciclopedia Italiana, Rome, 2007


But love, no, by Francesco Savio, Sonzogno, 1975


1979, the city of cinema, Edition Napoleon, Rome


1966, Virgilio Marchi, Edwin Cerio and the architecture of Capri, in the "New Town" of Milva Giacomelli


1997, The Casa d'Arte Bragaglia of Virgilio Marchi, Quasar. "Quaderni di Storia dell'Architettura e restauro". by Milva Giacomelli, Florence


The Odeon cinema of Virgilio Marchi, "Opus Incertum", by Milva Giacomelli, Florence 2007


Virgilio Marchi, Written 1 architecture. Architecture 1. Futurist architecture blue vertices of Rome, (the future of Rome), edited by Ezio Godoli and Milva Giacomelli, Octavo, Florence, 1955


Virgilio Marchi. Written by 2 Architecture. Italy new architecture new (sequel to Futurist architecture).


1997, Ideographic, a tramiva, a Pigeon blue circle, edited by Ezio Godoli and Milva Giacolmelli, Octavo, Florence.


Virgilio Marchi cinema architecture for Tuscany, study day, the architecture of Tuscany, University of Florence, Faculty of architecture, Plexus of St. Verdiana in "new city" of Milva Giacomelli, Firenze 2007.


The Futurist contribution to architecture of cinema, edited by s. Hunt, proceedings of the International Conference, ETS, Pisa, 2010 Edition


Virgilio Marchi from Futurism show architectures, Virgilio Marchi


The style of the movement from 1895-1960 Opera architecture plastic dynamism, catalogo della mostra a cura di f. Cagianelli, texts, by f. Cagianelli, m. Giacomelli, m. Sisi, Collesalvetti, Pinacoteca Comunale, Carlo Servolini, editions ETS, Pisa, 2015