Sergio Leone

(Rome, 3 April 1929 – 30 April 1989)

 

 

Son of Roberto Roberti (stage name Marie Lamb) a filmmaker and actor originally from Torella dei Lombardi (province of Avellino), considered one of the pioneers of Italian silent cinema, and Bice Waleran (stage name Edvige Valcarenghi), a Roman actress, born from milanese family of remote origins. Sergio Leone film began working in the environment already at the age of eighteen. He had a small part as an extra in Ladri di biciclette Vittorio De Sica (is one of German priests surprised by rain). Subsequently, lion will begin to take an interest like puplum, based on heroic deeds and epic of Roman soldiers and Greek is both emperors. The first significant work saw him as the second unit Director or Manager assistance (uncredited) in some major Hollywood production filmed Cinecittà studios in Rome, during the so-called Hollywood on the Tiber: thoseinclude Quo Vadis by Mervyn Le Roy and especially the colossal Ben-HurHe had a chance to make his debut as a Director with the Colossus of Rhodes. Sergio Leone was one of the early pioneers of western, giving rise to a new film genre. Sergio Leone was accused of plagiarism by Akira Kurosawa film Yojimbo, Kurosawa won the case and obtaining exclusive distribution rights of compensation for a pungo dollars in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. All the film soundtracks of lion was maintained by Ennio Morricone, in 1967 Leo travels the western: there was a time in the west, movie shot in Monument Valley, in Italy and in Spain, the film was like a long, violent and almost dreamlike meditation upon the mythology of the West. The subject also collaborated on two great directors, Bernardo Bertolucci and Dario Argento; the latter at the time, it was still completely unknown. The screenplay was written by Sergio Donati, along with Sergio Leone. Before the theatrical release, however, the film was retouched and amended by the managers of the firm; in fact it is more shortened by about 165 minutes. The film was rediscovered and appreciated until years later, with the Director's cut that lasts approximately 175 minutes. Today the film is considered, along with the good, the bad and the uglyand once upon a time in America, among the best of the Director, and is one of the cornerstones of the western genre. In 1971 Lion walked Down his head, a film on a midrange budget starring James Coburn and Rod Steiger, in the film Lion manifests the reflections on humanity and politics, in the same period he collaborated with Damiano Damiani in the movie A genius, two partners and a dupe. Later his production company Rafran produced the cat by Luigi Comencini and Giuliano Montaldo Toy Sergio Leone after refusing to direct the Godfather, he produced the film by Carlo Verdone: Un Sacco Bello, and Bianco, rosso e verdoneThe Director was a close friend of Charles's father: Mario Verdone, critic and as a father Lion helped Carlo in achieving its two movies. From the second half of the sixties to the eighties Sergio Leone worked for about ten years in his own project epic, this time focused on the friendship between two Jewish gangsters in New York; Once upon a time in America.

The replacement of the work caused a flop in the US market. In 1986 Sergio Leone finds herself a new working with friend Carlo Verdone, this in the making of the film too strong with Valenzuela, Mario Brega and Alberto Sordi. Lion wrote the subject and the screenplay with Valenzuela and Rodolfo Sonego. When he died on 20 April 1989 of a heart attack, the Director was working on a project that was supposed to cover the siege of Leningrad during World War II. The movie was supposed to narrate the dramatic war in Russia, a love story between an American journalist and a Russian girl, a message of peace between the two superpowers.Quentin Tarantin's has established the first modern filmmaker Sergio Leone posts – which influenced many directors.

 

 

Filmography – Director

 

 

1961/ the Colossus of Rhodes

 

1964/ a fistful of dollars

 

1965/ for a few dollars more

 

1966/ The good, the bad and the ugly

 

1968/ there was a time in the West

 

1971/ your head down

 

1984/ once upon a time in America

 

Assistant Director

 

1946/ Rigoletto

 

1948/ bicycle thief

 

1948/ the legend of Faust

 

1949/ Fabiola

 

1949/ Il trovatore

 

1949/ La forza del destino

 

1950/ Taxi di notte, regia di Carmine Gallone

 

1950/ Il voto

 

1950/ Il brigante Musolino

 

1952/ I tre corsari

 

1952/ Jolanda la figlia del corsaro nero

 

1952/ Il folle Marechiaro, regia di Roberto Roberti

 

1953/ L’uomo, la bestia e la virtù

 

1953/ La tratta delle bianche

 

1953/ Frine, cortigiana d’Oriente

 

1954/ Tradita, regia di Mario Bonnard

 

1954/ Questa è la vita

 

1955/ La ladra

 

1956/ Mi permette,babbo!

 

1957/ Il maestro

 

1958/ Afrodite, dea dell’amore, regia di Mario Bonnard

 

1959/ La legge mi incolpa

 

1959/ Il figlio del corso rosso

 

1962/ Sadoma e Gomorra

 

Direttore della seconda unità

 

1951/ Quo vadis

 

1956/ Elena di Troia

 

1959/ Ben – Hur

 

1962/ Sodoma e Gomorra

 

Sceneggiatore

 

 

1958/ Afrodite, dea dell’amore, regia di Mario Bonnard

 

1959/ Nel segno di Roma

 

1959/ Gli ultimi giorni di Pompei

 

1961/ Le sette sfide, regia di Primo Zeglio

 

1961/ Il colosso di Rodi

 

1961/ Romolo e Remo

 

1963/ Le verdi bandiere di Allah, regia di Giacomo e Guido Zurli

 

1964/ Per un pugno di dollari

 

1965/ Per qualche dollaro in più

 

1966/ Il buono,il brutto e il cattivo

 

1968/ C’era una volta il west

 

1971/ Giù la testa

 

1984/ C’era una volta in America

 

1986/ Troppo forte

 

Attore

 

1941 / La bocca sulla strada, regia di Roberto Roberti

 

1948/ Ladri di biciclette, regia di Vittorio de Sica

 

1951/ Milano Miliardario, regia di Marcello Marchesi e Vittorio Metz

 

1952/ Il folle di Marechiaro, regia di Roberto Roberti

 

1954/ Hanno rubato un tram, regia di Aldo Fabrizi

 

1965/ Per qualche dollaro in più, regia di Sergio Leone

 

 

Produttore esecutivo

 

1973/ Il mio nome e nessuno di Tonino Valeri

 

1975/ Un genio, due compari, un pollo, Damiano Damiani

 

1977/ the cat, by Luigi Comencini

 

1979/ Il giocattolo, Giuliano Montaldo

 

1986/ too strong, by Carlo Verdone