Toth Database - Cinema
Pier Paolo Pasolini
Bologna, 5 March 1922 – 2 November 1975
Eldest son of an infantry officer Carlo Alberto Pasolini and teacher Susanna Colussi, due to constant transfers of his father, the family Pasolini moved to Parma, then in Venice, and in Belluno birthplace Guido Alberto.
In Belluno Pier Paolo is enrolled in the kindergarten of the sisters, but after a few days he refuses to go. In 1927, the family moved to Conegliano and Pier Paolo Pasolini before he turned 6 years he was enrolled in the first grade.In 1928 the Pasolini family moved to Pordenone in Friuli, where they were guests in the House, since her father was arrested for some debts, the mother to cope with economic difficulties resumed teaching. When the period of detention of the father, they resumed transfers. In 1929 the Pasolini moved to Sacile, and Pier Paolo discovers a passion for drawing and writing. In Pier Paolo grew a passion for poetry and literature, after high school at Reggio Emilia Bologna, he attended the high school football Galvani became captain of the football team of the Faculty of arts. In Bologna, he attended the film Club and starts to become passionate about the film by René Clair. In 1941 Pasolini family spends the summer in Casarsa where Pier Paolo writes poems that enclosed in letters to friends.
The father is invoked in services to East Africa where he is taken prisoner by the British. In July 1942 spends three weeks in a training camp for cadets at Porretta Terme. On 26 November 1945 Pasolini graduated in letters with 110/110 cum laude from the University of Bologna. In 1943 is called to arms and was sent to Pisa after a seventh of enlistment disobeyed the order to surrender their weapons to the Germans and escaped the deportation disguised as a peasant, and takes refuge in Casarsa. Meanwhile in Casarsa come the roundups of fascists and impressment in the new army of the Republic of Salò. Pier Paolo Meanwhile holds lessons for those students who because of the bombings could not reach the schools in Pordenone and Udine. Pier Paolo and his mother decided to open a free school at home to study students who were to follow more than three kilometres to reach school headquarters of Casarsa. Pier Paolo falls for a student among the largest and at the same time he fell in love with a young Slovenian violinist who attended family Pasolini. In 1945 his brother Guido was killed by a communist partisan militia in Friuli. In 1946 Pasolini began working in an unfinished autobiographical novel Red notebooks because handwritten on five exercise-books from the Red cover. Then he devoted himself to another two novels involuntary Pages Naaz. In these pages the author describes his homosexual experiences. On 29 March of 1947 won the Angel with the poems in Friulian and Venetian. On 26 January 1947 Pasolini on daily Freedom of Udine;
« We for our part, we are convinced that currently only Communism is able to provide a new "real" culture, a culture that is morality, whole existence interpretation. »
After the war, Pasolini, who had long been undecided on the field to get off, observed the new demands of Justice that were born in the relation between the master and the various categories of underdogs and had no doubts about the party from whom he wanted to schierasi and so start to read Kar l Marx. Writes to her friend poetess Giovanna Bemporad:
« The other is always infinitely less important than I but others are making history. »
(Letter to Giovanna Bemporad, 1947)
The following may he began working with the magazine, comes into contact with the exiled Catalan poet, Carles Cardó. Send to Gianfranco Contini the complete collection of his poems in Friulian in Cjants muàrt, a title which was changed later in the best of youth. He was appointed for two years to teach Humanities at sixth grade school in Valvasone, which reached every morning by bicycle. Continue its adherence to the PCI participated in the event, which was held in the Centre of San Vito, on 7 January 1948, organised by the Chamber of labour to obtain the application of De Gasperi Award and it was on this occasion that, looking at the various stages of the clashes with the police are talking to the young peasants, you outlined the project to write a novel about that world in turmoil, published only in 1962 under the title the dream of one thing. On 29 August 1949 at the Festival of Santa Sabina Ramuscello Pasolini paid three minors for reports of masturbation, the fact he came to the police station of Cordovado Meanwhile interjected Attorney Bruno Brusin who persuaded the families of boys not to press charges, offering 100,000 lire apiece to families for the damage suffered. But the investigation continued, with charges of indecent exposure in public places and statutory rape (one of the guys was under sixteen). On 28 December was removed on charges of corruption of minors for lack of complaint and the debate focused on the fact that no events were held in a public place but in a hidden field from hedge and by a grove of Acacias. The ruling came in January 1950: Pier Paolo Pasolini, and the two children over sixteen years were convicted of indecent exposure in public place and sentenced to three months ' imprisonment each and payment of court costs; the penalty was entirely condoned as a result of the pardon. The leaders of the October 26, 1950, PCI decided to expel him from the party "for moral and political unworthiness». He was also suspended from teaching. Pasolini took refuge in Rome with his single mother, who had to take a hostessing service, early days in Rome were difficult, lived in a rented room. Thanks to the intervention of the abruzzese dialect poet Vittorio Clemente, Pasolini took a job as a teacher in a private school in Ciampino. To make ends meet, he joined the Union appearances of Cinecittà, also corrected drafts at a newspaper; He managed to publish some articles on some Catholic newspapers and went on to write novels that had begun in Friuli: adultery, in my way, The best youth. He began to write women in life and some pages, like glimpses of Roman nights, Gas and Jubilee, which will then be resumed in Ali-eyed. After the friendship with Sandro Penna, who became the inseparable friend of walks along the Tiber, he met a young painter in ' 51, Sergio Citti, that will help you learn the lingo and the Roman dialect, constituting, as will write the same Pasolini, his "living dictionary", thanks to Citti writes a collection of poetry in Rome 1950-diary. Publishes the journal Compared the tale The Ferrobedò, who later will be called women in life, he also wrote the poem The Apennines which will be opening to the ashes of Gramsci.Compete for the title of Catholic dialect poetry and won 50,000 thousand livres with the testament of Coran. In 1953 began working on an anthology of popular poetry, for the series of Publisher Guanda conducted by Attilio Bertolucci due out with the title Italian Songbook. In 1954 he started his first film experience collaborating with Giorgio Bassani, the film's screenplay by Mario Soldati The Woman of the River. In 1955 Pasolini send to the Publisher Garzanti the full typescript Life boys, but the theme of creepy about the novel, male prostitution, due to obscenity charges, but despite critical Pasolini and the exclusion of the Strega prize the novel was extremely successful from the audience. In 1955, the anthology of popular poetry, Italian Songbook with a dedication to his brother Julius and at the same time Pasolini began working on the screenplay of the film by Luis Trenker, the prisoner of the mountains. Begin collaborations with Mauro Bolognini for movie Marisa the Owl and Fellini for the Nights of Cabiria. In 1958 is a dark period for intellectual and literary Pasolini a crisis because all this weighed down also by the death of his father.
In December 1958 ends by writing A violent life that will deliver to Publisher Garzanti in 1959, after a long process of self-censorship made necessary because considered as editors dangerous politically. In 1960 two volumes of old sayings, Rome 1950-diary and spring Sonnet. In 1961 he left for India with Alberto Moravia and Elsa Morante, thanks to this trip collects material to write articles for the day which will form the volume the smell of India. From 1960 to 1965 held on invitation of Antonello Trombadori an address book Dialogue with readers on the popular weekly Communist new ways. In 1961 he went to the Circeo in the villa of a friend to write the screenplay of the film together with Sergio Citti Mamma Roma. Movie Mamma Roma is presented at the Venice Film Festival in Venice on 31 August 1962 with a great success and a complaint for obscenity but will be stored. On 22 September 1962 during the premiere of Mamma Roma to the cinema The four fountains di Roma is attacked by a group of neo-fascists and the police. In 1965 he starts filmingthe hawks and the sparrows that deals with the issue of the political crisis of the Communist party between actors Totò and Ninetto Davoli, a film that takes place between the real and the surreal. In 1966 is shots from a hemorrhage due to an ulcer that was already suffering stays in bed for a month during the period of convalescence writes six tragedies that make up his play Calderón, Pilade, Pigsty, and story-telling style, Beast .When the period of convalescence works in Blasphemy, a novel in the form of a screenplay in verse. In 1968 he collaborated with rock group psychedelic Chetro & Co, for which he wrote the lyrics to evening Dances at the same time rotate the sequence of paper flower with Ninetto Davoli taken from Gospel parables of fico unsuccessful due out in 1969 as the third episode of the film "love and anger". On 27 November 1968 represents the Teatro Stabile di Torino, Orgia which was poorly received by the public at the same time began the filming of Sty. In 1971 runs the Canterbury Tales film won the Golden bear at the Berlin Film Festival but was panned by international critics and seized in Italy. In 1973 begins shooting the flower of the one thousand and one nights in Isfahan.
In the 1974 movie Flower of a Thousand e One night Salehi won the Grand Prix du Jury at the Cannes Film Festival. On the night of 2 November 1975 Pasolini was path and overwhelmed by his own car on the beach of Ostia's seaplane base. The corpse was found by a woman killed, to recognize the corpse was Ninetto Davoli. The murder was blamed Pino Pelosi of seventeen, Pelosi claimed to have been approached by Pasolini near Termini station, Piazza dei Cinquecento Gambrinus Bar and invited on his car a Alfa Romeo 200GT Fast behind the promise of monetary compensation. After a dinner hosted by the writer, in trattoria Biondo Tevere, close to the Basilica di San Paolo, the two made their way to the outskirts of Ostia. The tragedy came after a fight for sexual demands of Pasolini at which Pelosi was reluctant, degenerated into an altercation outside the car. The young man was threatened with a stick which then took over to trounce Pasolini until it drop to the ground, wounded but alive. Then Pelosi boarded the car of the writer and the swept repeatedly with wheels up to sfondandogli the rib cage and causing death. The clothes of Pelosi showed no traces of blood, Pelosi was convicted in first instance for manslaughter in competition with unknown. On a European release on The survey article by Oriana Fallaci, assumed a premeditation and the concurrence of at least two other people. Another journalist from the same newspaper had talks with the guy who hinted to have been part of a group that allegedly massacred the poet just to steal his wallet and then a robbery escalated after his statement on Pelosi vanished hinting that this Declaration would have risked their lives. The various inhabitants of abusive homes, they trusted the press he heard screaming Pasolini, but no one stepped in to her assistance. It was learned later that the area was known to Paige because sometimes rented for a few hours one of the houses in the place for intimate moments. In his biography Enzo Siciliano argues that the story of Pelosi presents loopholes because the wooden stick in reality, was a wooden board used to indicate the number of houses, other breach and how come a minute man as Pelosi would overpowered a man strong and agile as Pasolini without leaving any sign of a struggle or blood stains on his person or clothing. The film Pasolini, un delitto Italian by Marco Tullio Giordana is scripted as an investigation concludes that Pelosi was not alone. Pelosi during a television interview declared that he was not the perpetrator of the crime, but that it was committed by others, trickling in car license plate Catania, which he said had a Calabrian or Sicilian accent. A short time later it turns out that the authorities was sent an anonymous letter stating that the night Pasolini's death, his car had been followed by a Fiat 1300 by Catania whose were shown first 4 digits, but nobody bothered to check the PRA (Public Motor Vehicles). Pelosi revealed the names of his alleged accomplices, adding that their names be withheld for fear of endangering his family, but the death of her parents she felt free to talk. Thirty years after his death, together with the retraction of Pelosi, Sergio Citti speaks of a disappearance of some copies of the film Salò and a meeting with some criminals to return. Sergio Citti died the sect after natural causes.
1962/ Mamma Roma
1963/ Ro. Go. Pa. G., episode the ricotta
1963/ The anger
1964/ Love meetings
1964/ Visits to Palestine for the Gospel according to Matthew
1964/ The Gospel according to Matthew
1966/ Birds and birds
1967/ Witches, episode the Earth seen from the Moon
1967/ Capriccio all'italiana-episode What are clouds
1967/ Oedipus Rex
1968/ Notes for a film about India
1968/ Love and rabbi in episode The sequence of the paper flower
1970/ Notes towards an African Orestes
1970/ 12 December fight continues
1970/ Notes for a novel about garbage
1971/ The Decameron
1971/ The walls of Sana'a
1972/ The Canterbury Tales
1974/ The flower of a thousand and one night
1975/ Salò,the 120 days of Sodom
1976/ Pornographic – Teo – Blockbuster, unfinished due to the death of Pasolini
1942/ Poems in Casarsa, antiquarian bookshop Mario Landi, Bologna
1945/ Poems, Stamperia Pasha, San Vito al Tagliamento
1945/ Diaries, Publications of the Academy, Casarsa
1946/ The cries, Publications of the Academy, Casarsa
1949/ Where is my homeland, 13 drawings by g. Zigania, the Following Editions, Casarsa
1953/ This còur a frut, Friulian language editions, London
1979/ Journal entry (1945-47), Sciascia, Caltanisetta
1954/ The best of youth, Library of comparison, Sansoni, Florence
1954/ The popular song, The Meridian Edition, Milano
1957/ Gramsci's ashes, Garzanti, Milano, new editions Einaudi, Turin
1958/ The Nightingale of the Catholic Church, Longanesi, Milano
1960/ Rome 1950. Diary, all'insegna del pesce d'Oro (Scheiwiller), Milano
1953/ Spring Sonnet, Scheiwiller, Milano
1961/ The religion of my time, Garzanti, Milano
1961-1964/ Poetry in the form of rose, Garzanti, Milano.
1965/ Forgotten Poems, edited by Luigi Ciceri, Società filologica Friulana, Udine
1970/ Poems (author's choice of 24 poems from the ashes of Gramsci, the religion of my time and poetry in the form of rosa) Garzanti, Milano
1971/ Trasumanar e organizzar, Garzanti, Milano .
1975/ The new youth. Friulian 1941-1974 poems, Einaudi, Torino
1975/ Translation: (includes the ashes of Gramsci, the religion of my time, Trasumanar e organizzar rose, poetry,some unpublished), Garzanti, Milano
1980/ Poems and pages found, curated by Andrea Zanzotto and Nico Naldini, with art by Pier Paolo Pasolini and Giuseppe Zigaina, Side 25, Rome.
1993/ Blasphemy, 2 vols., edited by Graziella Chiarcossi and Walter Siti, foreword by John Smith, Garzanti, Milano
1995-1996/ Poetry, 4 vols., Garzanti
1997/ Selected poems, edited by Nico Naldini and Francesco Zambon, with an introduction by f. Zambon, Necklace Poets of our time, TEA, Milano
2003/ All poems, 2 vols. in box set, edited and with an essay by Walter Siti, introduction by Fernando Bandini, necklace meridians, Mondadori, Milano.
1955/ Life boys, Garzanti, Milano 1955/ (new ed.: Einaudi, Torino 1979, with an appendix containing the working method and the speakers )
1959/ A violent life, Garzanti, Milan 1959/ (New Edition: Einaudi, Torino 1979)
Women in Rome. Seven stories of P.P. Pasolini, Introduction by Alberto Moravia, 104 photos by Sam
1960/ True, necklace mirror world # 8, Milano, Il Saggiatore
1962/ The smell of India, Longanesi, Milan ; New ed., Guanda, Parma 1990, with an interview with Renzo Paris with Alberto Moravia
1962/ The dream of a thing, Garzanti, Milano
1965/ Ali, blue-eyed, Garzanti, Milano
1968/ Theorem, Garzanti, Milano
1975/ The Divine Mimesis, Einaudi, Turin; New ed. with an introduction by Walter Siti, Einaudi
1982/ Amado mio preceded by adultery, with an essay by a. Bertolucci, edited by Concetta D'angeli, Garzanti, Milan
1993/ A country of thunderstorms and Primroses , by Nico Naldini, Guanda, Parma (contains essays by topic)
1994/ Romans, followed by an article in the "progress" and the Operetta marina, edited by Nico Naldini, Guanda, Parma
1995/ Stories from the city of God. Tales and Chronicles roman and (1950-1966), edited by Walter Siti, Einaudi, Torino
Screenplays and texts for the cinema
1959/ The Good Night, in Filmcritica, November-December
1961/ Accattone, foreword by Carlo Levi, FM, Rome; then in Accattone, Mamma Roma Ostia, introduction by Ugo Casiraghi, Garzanti, Milano 1993, pp. 23-236.
1962/ Mamma Roma, Rizzoli, Milano; then in Accattone, mother Rome, Ostia, pp. 239 – 401
1964/ The Gospel according to Matthew, a cura di Giacomo Gambetti, Garzanti, Milano ; then in the Gospel, Oedipus, Medea, introduction by Morando Morandini, Garzanti, Milan 1991, pp. 7-300
1965/ The grim reaper, "Filmcritica", October
1966/ The hawks and the sparrows, Garzanti, Milano
1967/ Oedipus Rex, Garzanti, Milan, then in the Gospel, Oedipus, Medea, pp. 313-454
1969/ What are clouds?, in Cinema and Film
1969/ Sty (subject of the first episode, original title Orgia), in «ABC»
1981/ Notes for a Poem about the Third World (subject), Pier Paolo Pasolini. Bodies and places, edited by Michele Mancini and Joseph Pandian, Theorema, pp. 35-44.
1970/ Ostia, a film by Sergio Citti, screenplay by s. Citti and Pier Paolo Pasolini, Garzanti, Milano; then in Accattone, mother Rome, Ostia, pp. 405-566.
1970/ Medea, Garzanti, Milano 1970/; then in the Gospel, Oedipus, Medea, pp. 475 – 605.
1975/ Savage's father (story-screenplay written in 1963 for a movie ever made), necklace new corals # 114, Einaudi, Torino.
1975/ Trilogy of life ( The Decameron, the Canterbury Tales, The Flower of a Thousand and One Nights ), edited by Giorgio Gattei, Cappelli, Bologna 1975/; new editions Oscar Mondadori, Milano 1987, Garzanti, Milano 1995, with an introduction by Gianni Canova.
1983/ Notes towards an African Orestes, curated by Antonio Costa, Quaderni del Centro Culturale di Copparo, Copparo (Ferrara)
1979/ Unknown to the city (comment), Pier Paolo Pasolini, the cinema in the form of poetry, curated by Luciano De Giusti, Cinemazero, 1979/, pp. 117-18 Pordenone
The sings of Chris (comment), ibid., pp. 119-20
Love meetings (preparatory ladder), ibid., pp. 123 – 27
Indian history (subject), ibid., pp. 134-35
1988/ The walls of Sana'a (comment), in «time»
1989/ On demand-Teo-Blockbuster, in «Cinecritica»
The Earth seen from the Moon, screenplay by Serafino Murri comic, slideshow
1995/ The Misty, in «Filmcritica ", 459/460; complete Edition according to the sequence of the first draft, edited by Graziella Chiarcossi, foreword by Alberto Piccinini, note the text of Mary D'agostini, library of Silerchie
2001/ For cinema, 2 vols. in box set, edited by Walter Siti and Franco Zabagli, with two written by Bertolucci and Mario Martone, introduction by Vincenzo Cerami, Mondadori, Milan
1965/ Italie Magique, Powerful Lady, songs and dialogues written by Laura Betti, Longanesi, Milano
1967/ Pilade, in «new topics»
1969/ Story-telling, in «new topics»
1973/ Calderón, Garzanti, Milan
1976/ The Turcs tal Friùl (The Turks in Friuli), curated by Luigi Ciceri, Forum Julii, London, (new edition Andreina Nicoloso Ciceri, Società filologica friulana, London 1995)
1977/ Story-telling-Pilade, Attilio Bertolucci, Garzanti, Milano
1979/ Sty, beast of style with a hint of Aurelio Roncaglia, Garzanti, Milano
1988/ Theatre (Calderón, story-telling, Pilade, Pigsty, beast of style), foreword by Guido Davico Bonino, Garzanti, Milan
1992/ Story-telling, with a note by Guido Davico Bonino, Einaudi, Torino
2001/ Theatre, edited by Walter Siti and Silvia De Laude, with two interviews with l. Ronconi and s. Nordey, Mondadori, Milan
2005/ Beast of style, edited by Pasquale Voza, Palomar Publishing, London
1946/ "Paul Weiss "Pasolini's text, with 34 plates of the painter, editions of the small gallery Rome
1948-1958/ Passion and ideology, Garzanti, Milan 1960 (new editions Einaudi, Turin 1985, with an introduction by c. Segre, Garzanti, Milan 1994, preface by a. Asor Rosa).
1948/ "The speakers" (1948/ retrieved from "Botteghe Oscure", Roma 1951, republished in the appendix to the Edition Einaudi "Life boys", 1979
1960/ " Women of Rome " with introduction by Alberto Moravia, Milano, Il Saggiatore
1972/ Heretical Empiricism, Garzanti, Milano
1975/ Scritti corsari, Garzanti, Milano (1990, New Edition with a preface by a. Baghdadi).
1976/ Volgar ' elocution, curated by Antonio Piromalli and Domenico Scafoglio, Athena, Naples
1976/ Lutheran Letters, Einaudi, Turin; with an introduction by Alfonso Berardinelli
1979/ Descriptions of descriptions, edited by Graziella Chiarcossi
1988/ The porch of death, Cesare Segre, «Associazione Fondo Pier Paolo Pasolini», Garzanti Milano
1993/ Anthology of lyric pascoliana. Introduction and commentary, edited by Marco Antonio Bazzocchi,
1995/ Dialect poetry of the twentieth century, edited by Mario of the arch and Pier Paolo Pasolini.
1955/ Italian Songbook. Anthology of popular poetry, edited by Pier Paolo Pasolini, Guanda, Parma
1977/ Pier Paolo Pasolini and the sieve 1942-1943, edited by Mario Ricci, Cappelli
1942/ All articles by Pasolini for «Sieve» can be read on the website of the public library of Archiginasio
Note on the today's poem, "Gioventù italiana del Littorio. Bulletin of the Federal Command of Bologna»
1947/ Stroligut di cà da aga (1944) - The Stroligut (1945-1946)- Notebook novel , facsimile reproduction of the magazines of the Friulian language, edited by Circolo filologico Following padovano, Padua, 1983 (contains the following Essays on such issues: Dialet, lenga and stil; Following di Lenga Furlana; Some rules of thumb misspelling; Poetic's will and language evolution).
1999/ Essays on literature and art, 2 vols. in slipcase, edited by Walter Siti and Silvia De Laude, with an essay by Cesare Segre, necklace meridians, Mondadori, Milano
1999/ Essays on politics and society, edited by Walter Siti and Silvia De Laude, with an essay by Piergiorgio Bellocchio, necklace meridians, Mondadori, Milan
1958/ Cannes Film Festival for best original screenplay for Young husbands by Mauro Bolognini
1960/ Silver Ribbon for best original screenplay for The Good Night by Mauro Bolognini
1962/ First prize for Best Director at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival for Accattone
1964/ International Venice: Silver Lion-grand jury prize and prize Ocip (Office Chatolique International du Cinéma) for the Gospel according to Matthew
1965/ Silver Ribbon Best Director for the Gospel according to Matthew
1967/ Silver Ribbon for best original screenplay for the hawks and the sparrows
1968/ International Venice Prize Ocip (Office Chatolique International du Cinéma) to Teorema
1969/ "Amelia" Award for cinematography
1970/ kinema Junpo Awards: best foreign film for Oedipus Rex
1971/ Berlin International Film Festival: Silver bear for The Decameron
1972/ Berlin International Film Festival: Golden bear for the Canterbury Tales
1974/ Cannes Film Festival: Grand Prize of the jury for The Flower of a Thousand and One Nights
2015/ Venice Film Festival: best film restored to Salò, or the 120 days of Sodom