Toth Database - Cinema




Eight and a Half 

 

Plot

 

Guido Anselmi, an established forty-three-year-old director, is working on his next film. He finds himself spending a rest in a spa treatment station (the royal set was set in Lazio, and mainly in Rome. Guido tries to combine his physical problems (cardiac fatigue) with those of the production of the film, still in the state of preparation. The quiet he would like is continually undermined by the presence of the film's workers (producer, technicians, actors) who stay in his own hotel and who see in him the only sure support. But his creative spirit has been sooty and he is unable to give a clear direction to his film project. Moreover, his professional problems are compounded by sentimental headaches. The lover joins him at the spa and soon after his wife arrives. Urged by the producer, questioned by his assistants and the actors who want to understand what story he is going to tell, what intentions he would like to express, he tries to better set up a plot: a balance sheet made up of relationships with real characters and reverie, memories, dreams, which suddenly fit into the concrete events of his days and nights. His dreams include the memories of his father and mother, who died, with whom he runs tenderly, as with people close to him. Continuous doubts and uncertainties are revealed through an existential crisis with no way out, in which it fails to make sense of its relationship with others and its past. And all this only makes aware of the bewilderment that he has been carrying within for years and that the care of daily existence and work had partly masked. In a dreamlike, fairy-like fresco of images alternates a hundred contour characters among which stand out: an intellectual, who was put at his heels by the producer, his wife, the lover and the female protagonist of the film in production. The days go by while the real facts, memories and fantasies of the director overlap more and more until they become indistinguishable. The producer makes Guido see the auditions already shot, and at the scenography of a huge launch pad for a spaceship index a press conference in which finally the director will have to tell everyone what his intentions are about the film, but in reality the director is increasingly confused, he has no idea what he wants to tell, nor how to do it. His professional confusion reflects his vital confusion: it is the end of his career and his own life: he decides to abandon directing the film during the press conference. But just when everything seems to be over, when the journalists have moved away and the workers begin to disassemble the set of a film that will no longer be done, Guido has the perception that everything that happens around him, all the people he has known and who have traveled with him the path of life, for better or for worse I'm part of him. All together in a circus circle swirl around him, directing them, but receiving from them, an indistinguishable give-and-take. In the final carousel with all the characters in the film, the director, who has now regained his innocence and the joy of living, sees himself as a child. It is precisely with this sequence, the most important of the whole film, five minutes before the end, that all fellini's thought takes on a less intimate connotation, transcends all the entertainment value of the film, and from a personal aspect it covers a universal aspect, with beautiful images that reach the soul, or rather as in the nursery rhyming of his memories as a child. After shooting The Temptations of Dr. Antonio, an episode of the choral film Boccaccio '70, fellini's head begins to shoot the idea of a new film, but not a precise idea, rather an accumulation of vague ideas that try to mix with each other. When he talks about the project to his friend Ennio Flaiano, he seems more skeptical than convinced; how can you film a man's thought, his imagination, his dreams? The writing of the script does not proceed, there is no precise project and Fellini does not even have a title to give him: he is satisfied for now with the provisional 81/2, since this film comes after six films entirely directed by him:

 

(The White Sheik, I vitelloni, La strada, Il canone, Le notti di Cabiria and La dolce vita) plus three "means" films, as directed with other directors (i.e. Luci del varietà, shot together with Alberto Lattuada, the episode Agenzia Matrimoniale in L'amore in città and the episode Le tentazioni del Dottor Antonio in Boccaccio '70).

But when everything is ready, there is a problem that Fellini has not talked about to anyone: the film is gone, the idea that he had in his head is gone. When he is now determined to communicate the defeat to producer Angelo Rizzoli, Fellini is interrupted by a cinecittà machine boss who calls him to celebrate a driver's birthday.

 

Among the celebrations comes the good wishes for the new film, which is no longer there, but once sitting on a bench comes the flash of genius: the film will talk about just this, a director who wanted to make a film but no longer remembers which, so that the protagonist, Guido Anselmi, played by a splendid Marcello Mastroianni, becomes the projection of Fellini himself for a new masterpiece by the director , with which he will reach the third Academy Award of his career, perhaps the most important of all.

 

Mastroianni was not the first choice, however, at first Fellini thought of Laurence Olivier or Charlie Chaplin. Also to have Sandra Milo, Fellini had to fight, because her husband opposed his return to the cinema, after the disappointment of the film Vanina Vanini by Roberto Rossellini. Anouk Aimée, already present in La dolce vita, and Claudia Cardinale, who for the first time was not dubbed and who was also working at the same time at Il Gattopardo, remained from the beginning. 

 

At the release of the film in several copies distributed in Italy some scenes were turned (in cuttlefish in some copies, in blue in others):

 

it was, as a caption at the beginning of the film explained, scenes that represented what was dreamed or imagined by the protagonist.

 

The mirage was decided by the distribution company to make it easier for viewers to distinguish between real and no scenes.

 

Other sequences instead Fellini wanted them overexposed (that is, excessively bright, effect obtained during the printing of positives), such as the sequence at the source, when Marcello is in line with other people, with his glass in his hand. This deliberately dazzled aspect of the scene was unfortunately lost with the recent restoration of the film.

 

The restorers remade the sequence with a perfect black and white extremely contrasted, thus forgetting Fellini's original intention.

 

Awards

 

1964 Academy Award

 

Best Foreign Film (Italy)

 

Best Costumes by Piero Gherardi

 

Nominated for Best Director by Federico Fellini

 

Nominated for Best Original Screenplay by Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli and Brunello Rondi

 

Nominated for Best Set Design by Piero Gherardi

 

1964 BAFTA Award

 

Nominated for Best Foreign Film – Federico Fellini and Angelo Rizzoli

 

Nastro d'Argento (1964)

 

Director of best film to Federico Fellini

 

Best Producer - Angelo Rizzoli

 

Best Supporting Actress – Sandra Milo

 

Best Subject to Ennio Flaiano and Federico Fellini

 

Best Screenplay to Federico Fellini, Brunello Rondi, Tullio Pinelli and Ennio Flaiano

 

Best Cinematographer to Gianni Di Venanzo

 

Best Soundtrack for a Motion Picture Drama in Nino Rota

 

Nominated for Best Actor in a Leading Role to Marcello Mastroianni

 

Nominated for Best Set Design by Piero Gherardi

 

Nominations For Best Costume Design by Piero Gherardi

 

Grolla d'oro (1963)

 

Best Director - Federico Fellini

 

National Board of Review Award (1963)

 

 

Best Foreign Film

 

1963 Moscow Film Festival

 

Grand Prix

 

1963 - New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film

 

2010 - Since 2010 BIF&ST in Bari has awarded an Award entitled Fellini 81/2 for Artistic Excellence.

 

The film was also selected from the 100 Italian films to save.

 

Receipts

 

Cash collected in cinemas as of 30 June 1965 £729,172,439.