George Welles

(Kenosha, 6 May 1915 – Los Angeles 10 October 1985)

 

  

Orson son of Beatrice Ives, pianist and Richard Welles factory owner of vans.

Since he was young he was initiated to the most varied artistic forms and was treated in the family as a child prodigy, he starts playing the piano and dedicates himself to painting. Welles made his first theatrical appearance at only three years in the Samson and Delilah represented at the Chicago Opera.

In 1919 his parents separated and Orson followed his mother to Chicago where he began to attend artistic and intellectual circles. On May 10, 1924 Beatrice Welles died and Orson lived with his father.Dr. Maurice Bernstein, Welles ' family friend directs the boy to the artist Street giving him a magic lantern, a box of colors, a puppet theatre with which Orson begins to try his hand at all his own, providing from time to time the voice to All the characters. At ten years in school dedicates to student representations and directs and interprets his first show at Camp Indianola, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.In 1930, his father died and Orson passed under the tutelage of Dr. Bernstein. After completing his studies at the Todd School, he asked Dr. Bernstein to leave for Ireland for an artistic tour, moving with a donkey cart, which he also used to roof throughout the night. Arrived in Dublin exhausted his finances.

 

Orson says:

 

' When I arrived in Dublin I had to sell the donkey at auction, and myself. I think I could find an honest job as a gardener or dishwasher: Unfortunately I became an actor»

 

Welles decides to tempt the theatre road by appearing at the director's Gate Theatre in Dubblin, presenting himself as a great New Yorker actor, and is getting a gig among the main actors. In 1933 he decided to move to London to work at the Abbey Theatre Welles but was refused his work permit, and was forced to return to the United States, where he made shows at the Todd School, collaborating with Roger Hill to draft a series of essays on Shakespeare. In 1934, he marries the heiress Virginia Nicolson, from whom he will have a daughter, whom he calls Christopher, in the same period he runs a short film at Todd School, in which he plays the figure of death and who also participates in his wife Virginia in the role of An old Gentwoman. Orson moved to New York and debuted on Broadway in the role of Tibaldo in Romeo and Juliet in the company of Katherine Cornell. He realizes the Voodoo Macbeth, the most revolutionary version of Macbeth; The action was moved to Scotland in Haiti where the three witches were replaced with 40 sorcerers, another peculiarity the cast was formed entirely by black actors, chosen by Orson Welles in the streets of Harlem. Orson Welles and Houseman founded his own theater company, the Mercury Theatre with the intention of putting in classical and modern works. In 1938 the Mercury Theatre and Orson Welles became a daily presence in radio broadcasting at CBS with the Mercury Theatre, Welles classic theatrical and literary classics audio interpretations. Memorable October 30 transmission 1938 when Orson Welles plays a radio adaptation written by Howard e. Koch, war of mondi, the program sparked panic in much of the United States, as many listeners believed that the Earth was undergoing an alien attack. Orson knew that CBS was broadcasting on frequencies close to NBC where aired a program of comedian and ventriloquist Edgar Bergen, knew that Austria at a time in mind of its transmission, sent in wave music a break during which the public changing station and right at that moment Welles initiated the alien attack, an effective choice. According to the testimony of employees including the personal assistant Alland and excutive room CBS Davison 15 minutes after recording Taylor fell screaming to Welles: "for God's sake stop this thing!, out there people are crazy!" Orson replied to the Director-General of CBS Payle (joint in radio in slippers and bathrobe) who ordered them to stop the broadcast: "Stop? Why? Must be afraid, let me continue. " Believing that the events described in the conveyance were true, the listeners of the program panicked, not understanding that it was actually a simple radio program. Her film debut starts with the film Citizen Kane.

 

Fourth Power

 

«Fourth Power tells the story of the investigation made by a journalist named Thompson to discover the meaning of the last words of Charles Foster Kane. As his opinion is that the last words of a man must explain his life. Maybe it's true. He will never understand what Kane meant, but the audience understands it. His investigation led him to five people who knew Kane well, who loved him and hated him. They tell him five different stories, each of which is very partial, so that the truth about Kane can only be deduced – as any truth about an individual. According to some Kane only loved his mother, according to others he only loved his newspaper, only his second wife, only himself. Maybe he loved all these things, maybe he didn't love any of it. The public is the only judge. Kane was both selfish and selfless, at the same time an idealist and a cheater, a great man and a mediocre man. It all depends on who's talking about it. It is never seen through the objective eye of an author. The purpose of the film lies, on the other hand, in proposing a problem rather than solving it. »

 

(Orson Welles)

 

The filming of fourth power and the screenplay required three months of work, filming began on July 30, 1940, and then mount it on 23 October of the same year. The release date of the film was postponed repeatedly so that Welles threatened the RKO for breach of contract for this delay.

 

Orson Welles dies of a cardiac arrest on October 10, 1985 in Hollywood.

 

 

Filmography

 

Fourth Power

 

The Amberson clock

 

The Stranger

 

The Lady of Shanghai

 

Macbeth

 

Infernal Relationship

 

Falstaff

 

Immortal Story

 

F as False

 

Terror on the Black Sea

 

The Forbidden Door

 

Only the future counts

 

The Stranger

 

Cagliostro

 

The Third Man

 

The Prince of Foxes

 

The Black Rose

 

The tyrant of Glen

 

Ti process

 

Immortal Story

 

The House of Cards

 

Tepepa

 

Letter to Kremilino

 

Ten Incredible Days

 

Otello

 

David and Goliath

 

King of Kings

 

The Long hot summer

 

The Infernal Quinian

 

The Roots of the sky

 

Frenzy of the crime

 

Confidential report

 

Moby Dick

 

The Tatars

 

International Hotel

 

James Bond 007 – Casino Royale

 

Duel in the Sun

 

Man the Beast and virtue

 

Ro. Go. Pa. G.

 

 

Radio

 

The miserable in different episodes

 

The Mercury Theatre on the Air

 

Dracula

 

Treasure Island

 

A Tale of Two Cities

 

The 39 Steps

 

I'm a Fool/Open Window/My Little Boy

 

Abraham Lincoln

 

The Affairs of Anatole

 

The Count of Monte Cristo

 

The Man Who Was

 

Julius Caesar

 

Jane Eyre

 

Sherlock Holmes

 

Oliver Twist

 

Hell on Ice

 

Seventeen

 

Around the world in 80 days

 

The War of the Worlds

 

Heart of Darkness

 

A Passager to Bali

 

Clarence

 

The Bridge at San Luis Rey

 

The Campbell Playhouse (19638 - 40)

 

Rebecca (9 dicembre 1968)

 

A Christams Carol (23 dicembre 1938)

 

Counselor – at Low ( 6 gennaio 1939)

 

L’ammutinamento del Bounty (13 gennaio 1939)

 

I Lost My Girlsh Laughter ( 27 gennaio 1939)

 

Arrowsmith (3 febbraio 1939)

 

The Green Goddes (10 febbraio 1939)

 

The Glass Key (10 marzo 1939)

 

Beau Geste (17 marzo 1939)

 

Showboat (31 marzo 1939)

 

The Patriot ( 14 aprile 1939)

 

Private Lives (21 aprile 1939)

 

Wickford Point (5 maggio 1939)

 

Our Town (12 maggio 1939)

 

Things We Have (26 maggio 1939

 

Victoria Regina (2 giugno 1939)

 

Peter Ibbestson (10 settembre 1939)

 

Ah, Wilderness (17 settembre 1939)

 

What Every Woman Knows ( 24 settembre 1939)

 

Il conte di Montecristo ( 1 ottobre 1939)

 

Algeri (8 ottobre 1939)

 

Escape (15 ottobre 1939)

 

Liliom (22 ottobre 1939)

 

L’orologio degli Amberson (29 ottobre 1939)

 

The Hurricane (5 novembre 1939)

 

The Murder of Roger Ackroyd (12 novembre 1939)

 

The Garden of Allah (19 novembre 1939)

 

Dodsworth (26 novembre 1939)

 

Venessa (10 dicembre 1939)

 

There’s Always a Woman (17 dicembre 1939)

 

A Christmas Carol (24 dicembre 1939)

 

Vanity Fair (7 gennaio 1940)

 

Theodora Goes Wild (14 gennaio 1940)

 

The Citadel (21 gennaio 1940)

 

It Happened One Night (28 gennaio 1940)

 

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (11 febbraio 1940)

 

Dinner at Eight (18 febbraio 1940)

 

Only Angels Have Wings (25 febbraio 1940)

 

Rabbie in Arms (3 marzo 1940)

 

Craigs’s Wife (10 marzo 1940)

 

Huckleberry Finn (17 marzo 1940)

 

June Moon (24 marzo 1940)

 

 

Teatrografia/regia

 

Gate Theatre di Dublino (1931 – 1934 )

 

The Lady from the Sea, di Henrik Ibsen

 

Le tre sorelle, di Anton Cechov

 

Alice in the wonderland USA

 

 

Tood School, Woodstock ( 1934 – 1936)

 

Tribly, di Gerald Du Maurier

 

The drunkard, di Mr. Smith di Boston

 

Amleto, di William Shakespeare

 

Czar Paul di Dimitri Merejeswskij

 

 

Pre Mercury Theatre (1936 -37 )

 

William Shakespeare, Macbeth, Lafayette Theatre -New York

 

Horse Eats Hat da Eugène Labiche, Un Chapeau de pallile d’Italie - Maxine Elliott Theatre, New York

 

Christopher Marlowe, Doctor Faustus – Maxine Elliott Theatre, New York

 

Aaron Copland, The Second Hurricane – Henry Street Palyhouse, New York

 

 

E’ stato doppiato da:

 

Emilio Cigoli in Fourth Power, the pride of the ambersons, Terror on the Black Sea, the forbidden door, counts only the future, The Stranger, the Lady of Shanghai, Cagliostro, the third man, the Prince of Foxes, the Black Rose, the tyrant Glen, the Process, Immortal story

 

Corrado Gaipa in Falstaff, the Castle of Cards, Tepepa, letter to Kremilino, ten incredible days, the clock of Amberson (redubbing)

 

Gino Cervi in Macbeth, Othello, David and Goliath, King of Kings

 

Gino Capecchi in the long hot summer, the Infernael Quinian, the Roots of the sky, frenzy of the crime

 

Renato Turi in confidential relationship, Moby Dick, I Tartari

 

Carlo Romano in International Hotel, James Bond 007 – Casino Royale

 

Aldo Silvani in Duel in the Sun

 

Giorgio Bassani in Ro. Go. Pa. G. 

 

Mario besesti in man the Beast and Virtue

 

Mario Bardella in one in 13

 

Roberto villat in terror on the Black Sea

 

Carlo Baccarini in l'infernal Quintan