Cesare Zavattini

 

Luzzara (Prov. Emilia Romagna), 20 September 1902 – Rome, 13 October 1989

 

 

He attended elementary schools first In Luzzara and then In Bergamo where he obtained his gymnasial licence. After Completing his studies he enrolled in the Law Faculty of the University of Parma, but his passion was writing, in 1928 he undertook a journalistic career in Parma, working for the Gazzetta di Parma. In 1930 he moved to Milan and began collaborating with various newspapers, began a collaboration with a Roman magazine Marc'Aurelio, holding a column titled Fifty lines about.In 1936 he founded in Milan The Bertoldo, a satirical magazine Published by Rizzoli, of which he was also director, then Passed to Mondadori, where he took the position of editorial director. He Directed the Settebello humorous newspaper. Zavattini was a very critical author towards society, observed in its painful and humorous aspects, was a phenomenon in the Italian literature of the Twentieth century. In addition to the book we talk so much about me, we also remember the poor are crazy, I am the Devil, Toto the Good, StraparoleIn 1939 he meets Vittorio De Sica, with whom he realizes a score of films, among which Sicuscià, Bicycle thieves, Miracle In Milan, Umberto D, Toto the good.Zavattini was also author of comics and poet, cultural animator in Italy and abroad promoter of cultural cooperatives and film circles, he was also a painter.

 

Cartoonist Zavattini

 

Cesare Zavattini, a cartoonist, starts by chance. In 1936 he worked as editorial director at Disney Mondadori, one day his colleague Federico Pedrocchi asked him why he had never thought of creating a story. Pedrocchi himself offered to write it under dictation. Zavattini declared in an interview that at that time there were no stories and he, that of fantasy had, invented them; If some colleague of hers needed ideas, he was more than happy to give it to her. Zavattini's career includes, among other things, the creation of a cycle dedicated to "Saturn" with the screenplay by Pedrocchi and the drawings entrusted to Giovanni Scolari. In This first cartoonistic work, the author focuses on the sci-fi genre, already explored by American models. The Saturn episode against The Earth comes out for the first time in 1936 on the pages Of the Three Little Pigs, republished The following year on Mickey Mouse; In the following episodes is inserted the figure of Rebo, a ruthless dictator of Saturn, thinking to make it resemble Flash Gordon (character born from the ingenuity of Alex Raymond), but without success. Rebo, aided by fellow traitor Leducq, try to wage war against earth, but will come to grips with the inventions of Marcus and his assistant Cyrus, two scientists. The character Rebo was quoted by other cartoonists. Zavattini shows great ability to evade the canons ' patriotic, heroic and romantic» of the regime, hiding behind stories seemingly crude and manifesting at the same time a spirit of pacifism and an invitation to the cooperation of peoples.

But his cartoonistic commitment is not confined to the Star Wars with Saturn: he creates subjects for other stories, always scripted by Pedrocchi. Airport Z, not written but probably conceived by him, is published In Mickey MouseHere the drawings are entrusted to Kurt Caesar, known in Italy under the nickname of Cesare Avai. In 1937 for Zorro in the Metropolis (16 episodes published All in 1937) The screenwriter is Guido Martina and the illustration is entrusted to Walter Molino; To host the comics are the pages of Donald Duck. This narrative is a critique of the exploitation of work and the dominant alienation in the life of the big cities. Pier Lorenzo De Vita illustrates the red Primrose Of The Risorgimento published in 1938-39 Always on Donald Duck; In the two episodes the company of seven Published in Mickey'S almanac in 1938, Zavattini called the various characters with the names of his children. In 1947 Zavattini for the first time signed one of his works: sci-fi a man against the world, Scripted By Mario Gentilini (Editor of Mickey Mouse magazine), Designed By Giovanni Scolari.

 

Filmography

 

I'll give a million, Directed By Mario Camerini (1935)

 

St. John Took off, Directed By Hamlet palermi (1940)

 

An impossible family, Directed By Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia (1940)

 

A woman fell, directed by Alfredo Guarini (1941)

 

Teresa Friday, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1941)

 

The school of the timid, Directed By Carlo Ludovico bragaglia (1941)

 

4 steps in the Clouds, Directed By Alessandro Blaxetti (1942)

 

Fourth page, Directed By Nicola Manzari (1942)

 

Pap's Baker, directed by Raffaello Matarazzo (1943)

 

There is always a ma!, Directed By Luigi Zampa (1943)

 

Novel A Passo di danza, Directed By Giancarlo Cappelli (1943)

 

The children look at us, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1943)

 

The door of Heaven, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1944)

 

Canto, but softly, Directed By Guido brignone (1945)

 

The arrow in the side, Directed By Alberto Lattuada (1945)

 

Biraghin, Directed By Carmine Gallone (1946)

 

One day in life, Directed By diAlessandro Blasetti (1946)

 

Sciuscià, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1946)

 

The poor husband, Directed By Gaetano Amata (1946)

 

The Angel and the Devil, Directed By Mario Camerini (1946)

 

The world wants so, Directed By Giorgio Bianchi (1946)

 

Rome Free City, Directed By Marcello Pagliero (1946)

 

Tragic Hunting, Directed By Giuseppe De Santis (1947)

 

Bicycle thieves, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1948)

 

Twenty years, Directed By Giorgio Bianchi (1949)

 

The Walls Of Malapaga, Directed By Renè Clèment (1949)

 

The sky is Red, Directed By Claudio Gora (1950)

 

It's easier than a camel....., directed by Luigi Zampa (1950)

 

First Communion, Directed By Alessandro Blasetti (1950)

 

Miracle In Milan, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1950)

 

Beautiful, Directed By Luchino Visconti (1951)

 

My Goodness, what an impression!, Directed By Roberto Savarese (1951)

 

5 poor by car, Directed By Mario Mattoli (1952)

 

Il coat, Directed By Alberto Lattuada (1952)

 

Rome 11 o'clock, Directed By Giuseppe De Santis (1952)

 

Umberto D, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1952)

 

Good morning, elephant!, Directed By Gianni Franciolini (1952)

 

A husband For Anna Zaccheo Directed By Giuseppe De Santis (1953)

 

Termini Station , Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1953)

 

We are women, various directors (1953)

 

La passeggiata, Directed By Renato rascel (1953)

 

Love In The city, various directors (1953)

 

La Leapfrog reversed by Giulio Morelli (1953)

 

Forbidden Women, By Giuseppe Amato (1953)

 

Rained from the Sky, Directed By Leonardo De Mitri (1953)

 

Alì babà, Directed By Jacques Becker (1954)

 

L'oro Di Napoli, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1954)

 

Il Tetto, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1955)

 

La Ciociara, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1960)

 

Rat (The War), directed by Veljko Bulajić (1960)

 

Il hit man, directed by Damiano Damiani (1960)

 

The Last Judgement, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1961)

 

The long green Sock, Directed By Roberto Gavioli (1961)

 

Italian and Love, various directors (1961)

 

Boccaccio ' 70, episode La Raffle, directed by Vittorio De Sica (1962)

 

The kidnappings Of Altona, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1962)

 

Il boom, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1963)

 

Yesterday, today, tomorrow, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1963)

 

Italian Wedding, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1964)

 

A New World, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1965)

 

Fox Hunting, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1966)

 

The Witches, episode one evening like the others, Directed by Vittorio De Sica (1967)

 

Sette times Donna, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1967)

 

Amanti, Directed By Vittorio De Sica, (1968)

 

I Girasoli, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1969)

 

We'll call Him Andrea, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1972)

 

A short holiday, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1973)

 

Il Viaggio, Directed By Vittorio De Sica (1974)

 

La veritaaaà, Directed By Cesare Zavattini (1982)

 

 

Prizes and awards

 

Silver Ribbons

 

The Roof

 

First Communion

 

It's spring....

 

Bicycle Thieves

 

Academy Award Nomination

 

Sciuscià

Bicycle Thieves