(7 March 1908 – 26 September 1973, Rome)
Anna Magnani was born in Rome on 7 March 1908, his mother, Marina Magnani's professional seamstress originally from Ravenna, after giving birth to little Anna, entrusted to the care of his maternal grandmother Joan Cannon. Anna will never know his biological father, but as an adult by doing some research on the identity of the parent, will find its origins from Calabria and what should have been his surname, i.e.: Mussolini. Later he will say with his usual irony, stopping in searches because he didn't want to pass as "la fille du Duce". After leaving Anna, Marina Magnani emigrated in Alexandria, Egypt, where he met and married a rich wealthy Austrian. Because of this, for a long time it was believed that Magnani was born in Egypt, only later, it was discovered that was not the truth, first for admission of the same star, then through the confirmations of the son. Anna Magnani was raised by her grandmother and five aunts (Dora, Maria, Rina, Olga and Italy) who lived in the House. The only male presence was Uncle Roman. Grandma makes sacrifices in order to grow and study the granddaughter, enrolled at a College of French nuns, but the child remains alone for some time, afterwards he will attend high school, but only until the second year, then enroll at the Conservatory of s. Cecilia to study piano. Meanwhile travels to Alexandria on a visit to her mother, but the experience is very painful because it was too late to try to recover a damaged relationship for some time due to the abandonment of the mother, which probably fails to love it really. In 1927, together with Paolo Stoppa starts attending the Real drama school Eleonora Duse directed by Silvio D'amico, transformed in 1935 intoNational Academy of dramatic arts, having as a teacher Ida Carloni Talli. Between 1929 and 1932 is part of company Vali – Cimara, directed by Dario Niccodemi. In 1932 Paolo Stoppa and Anna get together to work together in the company of Antonio Gandusio, appreciating his qualities, to such an extent that she would try the way of the cinema. In 1934 passes to the magazine, alongside the brothers De Rege, then working, starting in 1941, in a successful series of shows starring Totò. Her film debut began in 1934, in: La cieca di Sorrento di Nunzio Malsoma, although in 1928 had already appeared in a marginal role, in the film Remnant of AugustusGenina. On 3 October 1935 marries the filmmaker Goffredo Alessandrini in 1936 di Augusto Genina. Il 3 ottobre del 1935 sposa il regista Goffredo Alessandrini con cui nel 1936 giraAnna Magnani nacque a Roma il 7 marzo del 1908, sua madre, Marina Magnani di professione sarta originaria di Ravenna, dopo aver dato alla luce la piccola Anna, l'affidò alle cure della nonna materna Giovanna Casadio. Anna non conoscerà mai il padre naturale, ma da adulta effettuando delle ricerche sull’identità del genitore, scoprirà le sue origini calabresi e quello che avrebbe dovuto essere il suo cognome, cioè: Del Duce. In seguito dirà con la sua consueta ironia, di essersi fermata nelle ricerche perché non voleva passare come "la figlia del Duce". Dopo aver abbandonato Anna, Marina Magnani emigrò ad Alessandria d’Egitto, dove conobbe e sposò un ricco facoltoso austriaco. A causa di ciò, per lungo tempo si credette che la Magnani fosse nata in Egitto, solo in un secondo tempo, si scoprì che non era la verità, prima per ammissione della stessa attrice, poi tramite le conferme del figlio. Anna Magnani viene cresciuta dalla nonna e dalle cinque zie ( Cavalleria. Dopo numerosi film in cui interpreta parti di secondarie, riesce ad imporsi per le sue eccezionali doti interpretative spiccatamente drammatiche e finalmente nel 1941 Vittorio De Sica le offre la possibilità di interpretare per la prima volta la parte del personaggio principale, quello di Loretta, Prima artista di varietà nel film Teresa Venerdì.
Reads in the curtain-raiser of Totò and plays the role of verduraia in romana: Campo de fiori with Aldo Fabrizi.On 23 October 1942 gave birth to her only son, Luca, the result of an affair with an actor younger than her (Massimo Serato), who leaves her soon discovers that she is pregnant. Due to pregnancy, the actress had to renounce to shoot the film Obsession, and was replaced by Clara Calamai. Anna Magnani reaches fame talking 1945, with neo-realist film: Rome, open city directed by Roberto Rossellini (with whom he had an affair), which she masterfully played, that will be his first Tape silver. Unforgettable, the scene perhaps considered one of the most famous in the history of cinema in which the protagonist (played by Magnani) chasing a German truck, where her husband is locked up it will be deported to Germany. The film is inspired by the figure of Teresa Gullace, who like his character, will be killed by the Nazis. In 1947 wins his second Silver Ribbon and the best actress award at the Venice Film Festival for the movie l'onorevole Angelinadirected by Luigi Zampa. The following year, plays his last film (which will win the third Silver Ribbon), with Roberto Rossellini, before the breakup of their relationship: love, movies in two acts, based on the play by Jean Cocteau The human voice, the first Act, is: a long monologue on the phone of a woman abandoned by her partner; the second, is the story of a woman who has sex with a young shepherd believing it to be Saint Joseph. The Shepherd's character will be played by a young film Director Federico Fellini. In 1949 turnsVolcano, near the island where Rossellini is shooting Stromboli interpreted by his new girlfriend Ingrind Bergam. The shooting of the two films are remembered from movies like war of the volcanoes. In 1951 is the main protagonist of: Beautiful , film by Luchino Visconti, scripted by Cesare Zavattini and interpreted also from Walter Chiari and Alexander Blasetti, that will be the fourth Silver Ribbon. (The fifth and final Silver Ribbon will be awarded for the film Awakening the biggest loverand the following year, plays Anita Garibaldi in the film red shirts where would the Director's ex-husband Goffredo Alessandrini. In 1956 he won the oscaras best actress in a leading role for his portrayal of Serafina delle Rose in 1955: the rose tattoo (is the first Italian interpreter in the history of the Academy Awards to win the Oscar, as the main interpreter), directed by Daniel Mann and with co-star Bart Lancaster. For the same role, will win the BAFTA Award as international actress of the year and the Golden Globe for best dramatic actress. The Magnani not attended the Oscar ceremony, the prize was withdrawn from Marisa Pavan (also nominated for best supporting actress for the same film), received from the hands of Jerry Lewis, one of the greatest comic actors in those years. Another prestigious international award, in 1958 she was awarded best actress at the Berlin Film Festival for the interpretation of the film Sandreserved washing is the wind of George Cukor in which is flanked by Anthony Quinn and Anthony Franciosa. For the same role, in 1958, she won her first David di Donatello as best actress and Academy Award will be nominated for a second time, but will be assigned to Joanne Woodward for the interpretation of the film: The woman of three faces . In 1960 reads beside the great actor Marlon Brando and Woodward in the film snake skin directed by Sidney Lumet. In 1962 is the star of Mamma Roma by Pier Paolo Pasolini, Director with whom he had had a stormy relationship. Pasolini, after 1961 's debut with Accattone, tried in every way to work with the great actress, now more selective in choosing roles (his last interpretation was laughter of joy alongside Totò). The Magnani agreed but both were unhappy with the result. She said: "Pasolini used me," he argued instead that she "was too bourgeois." Anyway despite their misunderstandings, which however never were to affect mutual esteem, the film achieved great success with audiences and critics in France, while in Italy the great critical acclaim followed disappointing returns.
In 1971 he worked with television (until then view from her warily), interpreting the miniseries: three women,a series of three films, directed by Alfredo Giannetti, titled: La sciantosa, 1943: a meeting and the car, where the original soundtrack is composed by Ennio Morricone and conducted by Bruno Nicolai. Unlike the speech for the year of grace 1870, always directed by Gammon, which is distributed in movie theaters and aired later on television. For a painful coincidence movie, re-titled 1870 was scheduled for 26 September 1973 and aired a few hours after the death of the actress. In these films its partners Massimo Ranieri, Vittorio Caprioli, Enrico Maria Salerno and Marcello Mastroianni. His last film appearance, will be in Rome, 1972 film directed by Federico Fellini, who insisted to have it though for a very brief cameo as herself, in the film, which ends with Magnani that crosses at night the streets of Rome, speaks with Fellini and smiling, disappears in the darkness behind the door of an ancient building in conclusion there his magnificent career. Anna Magnani, died in Rome on 26 September 1973, assisted by his son Luke and Roberto Rossellini, which had approached lately.Resting in the small cemetery of San Felice Circeo near his villa. After his death many tributes that receives, the Moma in New York dedicated a retrospective with the screening of 14 most important films of the actress.Gianni Togni dedicated tutti Quei Giorni, Roman contraction by Gene name of Magnani on the Album moving target of 1988, Pino Daniele lr dedication: Anne Will, posted in 1989, while Mascalzone latino drive of Carmen Consoli wrote a song called "Anna Magnani", performed by Adriano Celentano. Even Eduardo De Filippo has dedicated a poem to the actress a few months of his death:
"Confused with the rain on cobblestones, dropped his eyes they saw the eyes of Venus who followed every step sfiduciate lens lost walks of the poor. All paving stones of Rome have squealed. The stones of the world have heard. "
In 2010 the Association "friends of Anna Magnani" created by Matthew Perish that 4 September 2012 awarded Franca Valeri and Franco Zeffirelli with the award "Anna Magnani"
Anna Magnani refused the title role in the film La Ciociara (1960 's film whose Director was initially entrusted to George Cukore and where he would have seen as female Cesira and Sophia Loren in the part of the daughter Rosetta), because he didn't want to play the mother of Sophia Loren; as a result of the refusal was Loren to play the role of Cesira (who won an Oscar in 1962), instead of M while the role of Rosetta was given Halter Eleonora Brown. Without the presence of Magnani, Cukor refused to shoot the film and was replaced by Vittorio De Sica.
Only three of the film Magnani has starred with her own voice: the Princess Tarakanova, shot in early career, where he is voiced by Marcella Rovena, Finalmente Soli and Quartet crazy, where is voiced by Tina Lattanzi.
1928/Remnant, directed by Augusto Genina
1934/La cieca di Sorrento, by Nunzio Malasomma
1934/maximum time, directed by Maria Mattoli
1935/those two, directed by Gennaro Righelli
1936/Cavalry, directed by Rachel Alessandrini
1936/thirty seconds of love, directed by Mario Bonnard
1938/the Princess Tarakonova, directed by Mario Soldati
1940/a lamp at the window, directed by Gino Talamo
1941/the fugitive, directed by Pietro Ballerini
1942/Finalmente Soli, directed by Giacomo Gentilomo
1942/the Fortune comes from the sky, directed by Akos Ràthonyi
1943/l'avventura di Annabella, directed by Leo Menardi
1943/l'Ultima carrozzellaby Mario Mattioli
1943/Campo de ' fiori, directed by Mario Bonnard
1944/the flower under the eyes, directed by Guido Brignone
1945/Foursome crazy, directed by Guido Salvini
1945/Rome, open city, directed by Roberto Rossellini
1945/down with poverty! By Gennaro Righerlli
1946/A man returns, directed by Max Neufeld
1946/Il bandito, directed by Alberto Lattuada
1946/ahead of him trembled all over Rome, directed by Carmine Gallone
1946/down with the wealth, by Gennaro Righelli
1947/Angelina, directed by Luigi Zampa
1947/Lo sconosciuto di San Marino, by Michal Waszyňski and Vittorio Cottafavai
1948/Assunta Spina, directed by Mario Mattioli
1948/love, directed by Roberto Rossellini
1948/many dreams on the streets, by Mario Camerini
1948/many dreams on the streets, by Mario Camerini
1950/Volcano, directed by William Dieterle
1951/Bellissima, directed by Luchino Visconti
1952/red shirts, directed by Goffredo Alessandrini
1952/ La carrozza d'Oro, directed by Jean Renoir
1953/ Siamo donne, by Luchino Visconti
1953/Carosello del varietà, directed by Aldo Quinti, Aldo Bonaldi
1955/the rose tattoo, regi by Daniel Mann
1957/the awakening, by Mario Camerini
1957/wild is the wind, directed by George Cukor
1959/ Nella città l'inferno, directed by Renato Castellani
1959/snake skin, directed by Sidney Lumet
1960/Risate di gioia, directed by Mario Monicelli
1962/Mamma Roma, directed by Piero Paolo Pasolini
1963/Made in Italy, directed by Nanni Loy
1969/the secret of Santa Vittoria, directed by Stanley Kramer
1972/Rome, directed by Federico Fellini
Anna Magnani voiced in the movies
Marcella Rovena in Princess Tarakonava
Lina Lattanzi in alone at last, Mad Quartet .
Anna Magnani in television
Three women, three made-for-tv movie, directed by Alfredo Giannetti
La sciantosa, a meeting, an automobile
It was the year of grace 1870, made-for-tv movie, directed by Alfredo Giannetti.
Anna Magnani in theatre
The happiest of the three by Eugène Labiche, and Edmond Gobinet, art direction by Dario Niccodemi, Ruggero Wolves, with Ruggero Wolves, Nino Besozzi, Giulia, Puccini, Anna Magnani, Renato Scarpa, Renato Seripa. Italian dramatic company, Teatro Valle in Rome, 23 March 1929.
Laboremus di Sabatino Lopez: art direction by Dario Nicodemi and Roger Wolves, with Chris Wolf, Vera Vergani, Anna Magnani, Luigi Cimara. Dramatic Italian company, Teatro Olimpia Milano 9 August 1929.
Triangles of Dino Falconi and Oreste Biancoli, artistic director with Dario Niccodemi and Roger Wolves, with Roger Wolf, Elsa Merlini, Luigi Cimara, Eva Magni, Amalia Pellegrini, Anna Magnani, Checco Rissone. Scenes of Rustam Abksasi, Hermes Music released. Italian dramatic company. Teatro Manzoni in Milan, 18 January 1930.
The woman in the window of Louis Antonelli, art direction by Dario Niccodemi, and Roger Wolves, with Roger Wolf, Elsa Merlini, Luigi Cimara, Eva Magni, Amalia Pellegrini, Anna Magnani. Argentina Theatre in Rome, Italian dramatic company 26 May 1930.
A man, a woman, a million, by Joseph Bailey, Black Large Nice art direction, with Gino Tassani, Anna Fontana, Anna Magnani, Gero Zambuto. Arciboldi theatre company, Teatro degli Arcimboldi in Milan, December 5, 1930.
Confidence by Alessandro Gassman, artistic director of Big Black Cane, with Gino Tassani, Anna Fontana, Anna Magnani, Rina Franchetti. Companions of the Teatro Arcimboldi in Milan, 8 December 1930.
Luciano 1930 by Lenida Rèpaci, artistic director of Big Black Cuties with Giano Tassani, Anna Fontana, Anna Magnani, Gero Zambuto, Dora Menichelli. Compagnia del Teatro Arcimboldi in Milan 1930.
Let's talk about Dino Falconi and Oreste Biancoli, artistic direction of Gero Zambuto with Rina Franchetti, Anna Fontana, Anna Magnani, Gino Tassinari, music by Lao – Schor, Compagnia del teatro Arcimboldi in Milan 6 February 1931.
The documents of the Consul Touquet, Julius Caesar's Gaul, artistic direction of Gero Zambuto, Gino Tassani, Anna Magnani, Giuseppe Valpreda, Gero Zambuto. Compagnia del Teatro Arcimboldi in Milan, 7 April 1931.
Pageboy Fernardo walls, art direction by Gero Zambuto, with Gino Tassani, Cesarina Galsan, Anna Magnani, Giuseppe Valpreda, Compagnia del teatro Arcimboldi in Milan on April 11 1931.
La fiera campionaria di Pietro Mazzucato, artistic direction of Gero Zambuto, with Anna Fontana, Dora Menichelli, Anna Magnani. Compagnia del teatro Arcimboldi in Milan 18 April 1931.
8000-9000-1000 by Carlo Veneziani, artistic direction of Carlo Veneziani, with Anna Fontana, Anna Magnani.Company fountain, Odeon theatre Milan, 21 July 1931.
A man who inspires confidence, by Paul Armont, artistic direction of Antonio Gandusio and Luigi Almirante, with Antonio Gandusio, Lugi Almirante, Anna Magnani, Ada Dondini, Gabriel – Almirante, teatro Carignano in Turin, 30 October 1931.
Bourrachon, Laurent Doillet, art direction by Antonio Gandusio and Luigi Almirante, with Antonio Gandusio, Luigi Almirante, Anna Magnani, Ada Dondini, Gabriel – Almirante, teatro Carignano in Turin, 30 October 1931.
Celsus cheer! Maria Poncini and Roberto Biscaretti, art direction by Antonio Gandusio, and Luigi Almirante, Anna Magnani, Paolo Stoppa, Rina Morelli, Ada Dondini, Ciapini, Gabriel – Almirante, Politeama Chiarella in Turin, 18 January 1932.
Love Sings, by Jacques Bousquet, Alessandro De Stefani, and Henri Falk, art direction by Antonio Gandusio, and Luigi Almirante with Antonio Gandusio, Luigi Almirante, Anna Magnani, Lola Braccini, Paolo Stoppa. Company Gabriel – Almirante, 11 July 1932 in Rome, Barberini Theatre.
The scent of wife, of Leon Lenz, artistic direction Aristide Baghetti and helps provide released.
The man of pleasure, by Paul Gèraldy, and Robert Spitzer, artistic direction Aristide Baghetti and helps provide released, with Aristide Baghetti, Anna Magnani, Amedeo Fuggetta. Company of comedy and music, Rome, Teatro Argentina, Baghetti – Released 19 October 1932.
The first bed, by Andrea Bisson, art direction Baghetti and Backbone Lierati, with Aristide Baghetti, Anna Magnani, Amedeo Fuggetta. Company of comedy and musical Baghetti – released. Teatro Argentina in Rome, 20 October 1932.
Kiss me, by Tristan Bernard, Yves Mirande and Gustave Quinson, artistic direction Aristide Baghetti and Hermes released, with Aristide Baghetti, Anna Magnani, Amedeo Fuggetta. Company of shows, comedians and musical Argentina Theatre in Rome, Baghetti – Released October 23, 1932.
Mouth watering, Pares, Veber, Von Paris, art direction Aristide Baghetti and Hermes released, with Aristide Baghetti, Anna Magnani, Alfredo Menichelli. Company of comedy and musical Theatre Rome, Argentina – freed, Baghetti 25 October 1932.
Jim la Houlette King of thieves, by Jean Guitton, artistic direction Aristide Baghetti and Hermes released, and with Aristide Baghetti, Anna Mangani, Alfredo Menichelli. Company of comedy and musical Baghetti – released. Teatro Argentina in Rome, 30 October 1932.
Casanova, non sei più tu! of Aegean Carcavallo, artistic direction of Gero Zambuto, with Anna Magnani, Pina Renzi, Tino Bianchi, Guido De Rege, Giorgio de Rege, Winterganten Ballet in Berlin. Company Shows Elysium, Teatro Eliseo in Rome, 87 March 1935.
The millions of Michele Galdieri and Arturo Maldonado, artistic direction of Michele Galdieri, with Anna Magnani, Pina Renzi, Guido De Rege, Giorgio De Rege. Company Shows Elisha, Teatro Eliseo in Rome, 12 November 1935.
The petrified forest by Robert Emmet Sherwood, directed by Anton Giulio Bragaglia, with Anna Magnani, Augusto Marcacci, Lamberto Picasso, scenes of Enrico Prampolini. The company of theatre of Arts in Rome, 2 March 1938.
No one saw, Anthony Armstrong and Henry Simpson, artistic director Annibale Betrone, with Anna Magnani, Annibale Betrone, Salvo Randone, Company Shows Elle Betrone – Magnani, Teatro Eliseo in Rome, 22 July 1938.
Metropolis, Alessandro De Stefani, artistic direction Annibale Betrone, with Anna Magnani, Annibale Betrone, Salvo Randone, Company Spettacole Elle Betrone – Magnani, Teatro Eliseo in Rome, 4 August 1938.
The stage, by Geoffrey g. Ames, art direction Annibale Betrone with Anna Magnani, Annibale Betrone, Salvo Randone, Sandro De Macchi, Company Shows Elle Betrone – Magni, Teatro Eliseo in Rome, August 22, 1938.
The mask of San Silvestro, Andrea dello Siesto, direction Annibale Betrone, with Anna Magnani, Annibale Betrone, Salvo Randone, Sandro de Marchi Company Show Elle Betrone-Magnia, Teatro Eliseo in Rome, 28 October 1939.
Anna Christie, Eguene O'Neill, directed by Anton Giulio Bragaglia, with Anna Magnani, Carlo Tamberlani, Mario Charles, scenes of Enrico Prampolini. The company of theatre of the arts, theaters of Rome, 28 October 1939.
When you least expect it, di Michele Galdieri, artistic director Michele Galdieri, with toto, Anna Magnani, Mario Castellani. Company of great magazines Oni Remigio Peacock, Teatro Quattro Fontane in Rome, 25 December 1940.
Volumineide, by Michele Galdieri, directed by Michele Galdieri, with toto, Anna Magnani, Mario Castellani, Company Toto – Magni, Castellani. Company of great magazines Oni Remigio Peacock, Teatro Quattro Fontane in Rome, 25 December 1940.
Who are you wearing?, by Michele Galdieri, with toto, Anna Magnani, Mario Castellani, Company Toto – Magnani, the Teatro Lirico in Milan, 3 February 1942.
1959, Italo de Tuddo, Pietro Garinei, Sandro Giovannini, Franco Zeffirelli, directed by Oreste Biancoli, with Anna Magnani, Carlo Ninchi, Marisa Merlini, Lea Padovani, Raymond Viannello, music by Peter Morgan.Company M – Ninchi, Theater Four fountains of Rome, 1 September 1944.
Carmen by Prosper Mérimée, adapted and directed by Gherardo Gherardi, with Anna Magnani, Carlo Ninchi, Marisa Merlini, Company M – November 15 Rome's Teatro Quirino Ninchi, 1944
Jegor Bulycov and others, by Maxim Gorky, directed by Vito Pandolfi, with Anna Magnani, Carlo Ninchi, Wanda Capodaglio, Roldano Lupi. Company M – 28 November 1944 Ninchi, Rome's Teatro Quirino.
So for fun, by Armand Salcrou, artistic direction of Carlo Ninchi, with Anna Magnani, Carlo Ninchi, Rolando Wolves, Aroldo Tieri, Company M – 6 December, Rome's Teatro Quirino Ninchi, 1944.
Remnant of Dario Niccodemi, with Carlo Nichi, Anna Magnani, fellow Magnani – 15 December 1944, Rome's Teatro Quirino Ninchi.
Blows so ', di Pietro Garinei and Sandro Giovannini, directed by Mario Mattioli, with Anna Magnani, Marisa Merlini, Aroldo Tieri, Enzo Turco, Ave Ninchi, Pina Renzi, Company Za – Buffy, Teatro Quattro Fontane in Rome, 13 January 1945.
1959 # 2, of Italio de Tuddo, Pietro Garinei, Sandro Giovannini, Franco Zeffirelli, directed by Oreste Biancoli, with Anna Magnani, Gino Cervi, Ave Ninchi, Raimondo Vianello, M – Ninchi, teatro Quattro Fontane di Roma, 17 may, 1945.
Maya, by Simon Gantillon, Director Orazio Costa, with Anna Magnani, Ave Ninchi, Aroldo Tieri, Sandro Ruffini, Anna Magnani, Teatro Eliseo, 24 November 1945.
It's ten o'clock and all is well, di Pietro Garinei e Sandro Giovannini, Marcello Marchesi, directed by Mario Mattoli, with Anna Magnani, Franco Volpi, Galeazzo Benti, Raimondo Vianello, Za-Bum, theater Four fountain, 11 March 1946.
Stage calling?, by Michele Galdieri, directed by Michele Galdieri, with Anna Magnani, Carlo Giuffrè, Holy Simeon, Julia Pittalunga. Company Anna Magnani, Carlo Giuffrè, Holy Simeon, Julia Parker. Sanremo Casino Theatre 21 December 1953.
The she-Wolf, by Giovanni Verga, directed by Franco Zeffirelli, with Anna Magnani, Annamaria Guarnieri, Giancarlo Giannini, Ave Nichi, Osvaldo Ruggeri, the Teatro della Pergola in Florence, 24 May 1965.
Medeaby Jean Anouilh, directed by Giancarlo Menotti, with Anna Magnani, Osvaldo Ruggieri Fosco Giachetti, Gambini, Cesarina Gherldi. 24 December, Rome's Teatro Quirino Cisan company 1966.